Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns
Spanish demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative pronouns describe how far something or someone is from the speaker. They refer to a physical or temporal distance. Demonstrative adjectives come before a noun, while demonstrative pronouns replace it. They can be translated as ‘this’, ‘these, ‘that’ and ‘those’.
Demonstrative adjectives are there to show you the space between you and an object, and identify the noun. Demonstrative adjectives are placed before the noun; while demonstrative pronouns replace the noun. The English translation is: This, These, That, Those.
The difference between demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative pronouns, is that demonstrative adjectives specify information, while demonstrative pronouns are used in a context where the speaker already knows what they are talking about. There is no need to repeat the information.
Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns must match in gender and number, and are used quite often in regular conversation. You will need to know them to show the location of something you are talking about.
The following chart will show you what pronoun you will use depending on how far from you the object is located.
|Short distance||Medium distance||Far distance|
|Masc-Sing.||Este- This one||Ese –That one||aquel- That one over there|
|Masc Plur.||Estos-These||Esos- Those||aquellos- Those over there|
|Fem Sing.||Esta- This one||Esa-That one||aquella- That one over there|
|Fem Plur.||Estas These||Esas- Those||aquellas- Those over there|
Me gustan estos zapatos que traigo – I love these shoes I am wearing.
Voy a comprar esos zapatos que están allá I am going to buy those shoes over there.
Las pinturas en aquel estante son muy bellas. The paintings on those shelves are very pretty.
Este and Esos are demonstrative pronouns and look similar to demonstrative adjectives, but demonstrative pronouns replace the noun in the sentence. Demonstrative pronouns were always written with an accent éstos,éstas, ésos,ésas, and you may see them written that way, however it is not required anymore.
Mi carro es más bonito que éste. My car is prettier than this one.
Yo quiero comprar ese carro. I want to buy that car.
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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.