German Present Perfect - Regular Verbs

Overview

The German present perfect tense with regular verbs is formed by using weak (regular) verbs. This past tense form is often referred to as the "conversational past" since it is most often used in spoken German when speaking about events in the past.

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German Present Perfect Regular Verbs

The present perfect is generally used in spoken language to express something that happened in the past. The preterite tense is used the same way, but mainly in written texts such as stories, fairy tales, newspapers, books and literature in general.

Perfekt mit haben (-t ending)

haben  +   ge  +  main part of the verb  +  t

Infinitivlernenlebenwollenkritisieren
PräsensIch lerneDu lebstEr willIhr kritisiert
PerfektIch habe gelerntDu hast gelebtEr hat gewolltIhr habt kritisiert

Example: Ich habe zwei Jahre in Berlin gelebt. Ich habe letztes Jahr Spanisch gelernt.

I lived in Berlin for two years. I learned Spanish last year.

(literally: I have lived in Berlin for two years. I have learned Spanish last year.)

 

Weak (aka RegularVerbs with ‘haben

pres perfschwachhaben 1 1 jpg

Verbs ending with ‘-ieren

pres perfverbenmit ieren 1 1 jpg

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:

Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

Specific Capabilities at this Level

Writing:
I can write a short, simple postcard, for example sending holiday greetings. I can fill in forms with personal details, for example entering my name, nationality and address on a hotel registration form.
Spoken Production:
I can use simple phrases and sentences to describe where I live and people I know.
Spoken Interaction:
I can interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to repeat or rephrase things at a slower rate of speech and help me formulate what I’m trying to say. I can ask and answer simple questions in areas of immediate need or on very familiar topics.
Reading:
I can understand familiar names, words and very simple sentences, for example on notices and posters or in catalogues.
Listening:
I can recognize familiar words and very basic phrases concerning myself, my family and immediate concrete surroundings when people speak slowly and clearly.