French The Near Future


There are two future tenses in French, the simple future and the near future (le futur proche). The futur proche is usually translated into English as going + infinitive (e.g., going to eat, going to drink, going to talk). The futur proche is characteristic of spoken French but may be used in informal writing. It is formed with the verb aller (to go) conjugated in the present tense followed by an infinitive.

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When one expresses that they “are going to do something,” they are talking in the near future tense. The near future tense literally means that something is going to happen soon. The formation of the near future tense is simple:

Subject + conjugated form of aller + the infinitive of the verb that describes the future action

Remember that the infinitive of a verb is just a verb in it’s unconjugated form. It translates to “to do something.”  Examples of infinitives are parler,  finir, attendre, être, faire, aller, etc Review the Quizlet set in this module to learn the most common French verbs (infinitives).

Examples of the near future:

Je vais aller au parc à 16h.                             I am going to go to the park at 4 o’clock.

Tu vas choisir le restaurant ce soir.                You are going to choose the restaurant tonight.

Il va partir demain.                                         You are going to leave tomorrow.

Nous allons écouter de la musique.                We are going to listen to the music.

Vous allez vendre des légumes au marché.    You are going to sell some vegetables at the market. 

Ils vont rater le train!                                      They are going to miss the train!

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:
Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
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