Spanish -IR Verbs (present tense)

Overview

In our previous unit we learned all about regular -ER verbs(-ER Verbs Module) how to conjugate them.The verb Ir happens to be a highly irregular verb. Like ser, it doesn't follow the normal patterns for verb conjugations.Therefore, you'll have to memorize the following pattern for ir in the present tense.

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In our previous lesson we learned all about regular -ER verbs (-ER Verbs Module) and how to conjugate them. Now we finally get to take a look at regular -IR verbs and how they are conjugated!

  Be careful not to mix up the verb IR (to go) and -IR verbs.-IR is simply and ending to one type of Spanish verb (the others being -AR and -ER verbs).

Now, just like regular -AR and -ER verbs, we use these three steps to conjugate -IR verbs. They are: 

STEPS TO CONJUGATING REGULAR PRESENT TENSE VERBS IN SPANISH

  1. Chop off your -AR, -ER or -IR ending (viajar, beber, abrir) so that you are left with just the stem.
  2. Determine the subject of the sentence (yo, tú, él, etc.).
  3. Add your new ending based on the subject of the sentence. (yo viajo, tú bebes, nosotros abrimos)

Now for step 3, here are the new endings you will add to -IR verbs.

-O-IMOS
-ES-ÍS
-E-EN

Do you notice another pattern? Our -ER and -IR verbs are very similar. The only two endings that are different from the -ER endings taught in our previous lesson are the two shaded boxes! These two verb types are similar in many more ways that you will learn in lessons to come…

NOTE! The yo ending in the present tense for all three types of verbs (-AR, -ER and -IR) is -O!

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:
Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
Specific Capabilities at this Level
Writing:
I can write a short, simple postcard, for example sending holiday greetings. I can fill in forms with personal details, for example entering my name, nationality and address on a hotel registration form.
Spoken Production:
I can use simple phrases and sentences to describe where I live and people I know.
Spoken Interaction:
I can interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to repeat or rephrase things at a slower rate of speech and help me formulate what I’m trying to say. I can ask and answer simple questions in areas of immediate need or on very familiar topics.
Reading:
I can understand familiar names, words and very simple sentences, for example on notices and posters or in catalogues.
Listening:
I can recognize familiar words and very basic phrases concerning myself, my family and immediate concrete surroundings when people speak slowly and clearly.