Spanish Direct Object Pronouns


Just like subject pronouns replace the subject noun in a sentence, direct object pronouns replace the direct object noun in a sentence, which can be a person, thing, noun phrase, or nominalized clause.

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The direct object pronoun stands for the noun, and agrees with it in number and gender. There are some rules when we use direct object pronouns.

In order to use direct pronouns, we will first define what they are and how they are used.

Lo (masculine) “lo” is always used when referring to something that is masculine.

La (feminine) “la” “La” is used when talking about something or someone who is female.

Los (It) The

Las (feminine)Them

Lo, la los, or las (the direct object pronouns) are placed before the verb we are referring to. When we are trying to make a negative command the “No,” goes before lo, la, los or las.


The noun as object of the verbThe pronoun used in place of the noun
¿Tiene Ana el libro?                                Does Ana have the book?                        Ana lo tiene Ana has it
¿Tiene Anita la tiza?                                Does Anita have the chalk?                      Anita no la tiene Anita does not have it
¿Aprende Luis las lecciones?             Does Luis learn the lesson?                      Si, Luis aprende las lecciones Yes, Luis learns the lesson

Direct pronouns representing persons are expressed by using: me, te, lo, la, and in the plural form: nos, os, los, las. To emphasized who the statement is directed to, we use:

a mi, a ti, a él, a ella, a usted, a nosotros, a vosotros, a ellos, a ellas, a uds; however, it is not used under ordinary circumstances.


Using the verb Ver (to see) we will conjugate appropriately

       Singular                                         Plural

Carlos me ve Carlos Te ve Carlos La   vea mi a ti a ellaJesús nos ve            las ve            os ve    a nosotros    a ellas    a vosotros  
  Carlos Lo ve Carlos Lo ve  a él a ud.                  los ve            os ve                 a ustedes    a vosotros  

Direct object pronouns are added at the end of the word for affirmative commands:

Tráigalo usted ahora!   Bring it right now!

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:

Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

Specific Capabilities at this Level

I can write short, simple notes and messages relating to matters in areas of immediate needs. I can write a very simple personal letter, for example thanking someone for something.
Spoken Production:
I can use a series of phrases and sentences to describe in simple terms my family and other people, living conditions, my educational background and my present or most recent job.
Spoken Interaction:
I can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities. I can handle very short social exchanges, even though I can’t usually understand enough to keep the conversation going myself.
I can read very short, simple texts. I can find specific, predictable information in simple everyday material such as advertisements, prospectuses, menus and timetables and I can understand short simple personal letters.
I can understand phrases and the highest frequency vocabulary related to areas of most immediate personal relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local area, employment). I can catch the main point in short, clear, simple messages and announcements.