Spanish Comparative


In English, to create a comparison with an adjective, we generally add an "-er" to short adjectives (stronger) or add the word "more" before longer adjectives (more intelligent). There's no Spanish equivalent for the suffix "-er"; we simply precede all adjectives with the word más (more).

Two beaming ladies comparing hair care products

Comparatives are one of those things that often come up when you’re learning a new language. Comparatives are words or structures you can use to make comparisons between two or more things.

Equal Comparisons

If you want to mention similarities between two things. This is where equal comparisons come in. To use an equal comparison in Spanish, follow one of these two formulas:

  • Tan X como Y. – As X as Y. (When X is an adjective or an adverb)
  • Tantos X como Y. – As many/much X as Y. (When X is a noun)

When using the formula for nouns, keep in mind that the word “tantos” will vary depending on the noun that follows it:


For singular masculine nouns.

Esta torta tiene tanto azúcar como esa.
(This cake has as much sugar as that one.)


For plural masculine nouns.

Tengo tantos amigos como tú.
(I have as many brothers as you.)


For singular feminine nouns.

Siento tanta alegría como tú.
(I feel as much joy as you do).


For plural feminine nouns.

Esa caja tiene tantas manzanas como esta.
(That box has as many apples as this one.)

Let’s look at some more examples, this time of equal comparisons using adverbs and adjectives:

  • Corro tan despacio como tú. – I run as slowly as you do.
  • Bruno es tan alto como Andrés. – Bruno is as tall as Andrés.
  • Australia es tan caluroso como Sudáfrica. – Australia is as hot as South Africa.
  • Ella se levanta tan temprano como él. – She gets up as early as him.
  • Llegaste tan tarde como yo. – You arrived as late as I did.

You can also use this structure to make negative comparisons:

  • Mi perro no es tan grande como el tuyo. – My dog is not as big as yours.
  • Ella no cocina tan bien como tú. – She doesn’t cook as well as you.
  • Santiago no estudió tanto como Mateo. – Santiago didn’t study as much as Mateo.

Unequal Comparisons

Spanish grammar makes a distinction between equal and unequal comparative structures. Unequal comparatives are used when the two things you are comparing are different. If you are comparing how tall two people are and one is taller than the other, you would use an unequal comparison. To formulate this type of comparison in Spanish, you should use the following structure:

  • Más/menos X que Y. – More/less X than Y.

In that formula, X can be an adjective, an adverb or even a noun. Let’s see how this works:

  • Ella tiene más mascotas que él. – She has more pets than him.
  • Él tiene menos hermanos que ella. – He has fewer brothers than her.
  • Yo soy más alto que tú. – I am taller than you.
  • Juan corre más rápido que José. – Juan runs faster than José.

A handful of Spanish adjectives have irregular forms that can be used to express these comparisons. Here are some examples:

  • Tu teléfono es mejor que el mío. – Your phone is better than mine.
  • Mi teléfono es peor que el tuyo. – My phone is worse than yours.
  • Lucía es mayor que Patricia. – Lucía is older than Patricia.
  • Florencia es menor que Mercedes. – Florencia is younger than Mercedes.

Highlighted Author:

Zocalo Square and Mexico City Cathedral - Mexico City, Mexico
Smiling young african american businessman writing in diary and using laptop in creative office

Private Classes

Meet one or more times weekly with a dedicated Spanish instructor online at a pace and schedule that custom fits your busy life.

Group of cheerful young women studying together

Group Courses

Our 10 week group Spanish courses meet twice a week for 1-hour classes. Learn Spanish with other motivated students. Best option for Spanish CEFR certification.
Inspirational International Women's Day Quotes for 2023


Do you like to study on your own when it’s convenient for you? Buy helpful charts, vocabulary lists, and courses. 

Additional Topics

Aztec Temple at ruins of Tenochtitlan with the Dome of Metropolitan Cathedral - Mexico City, Mexico
Spanish Passive Voice (all tenses)

Spanish passive voice formation is pretty straightforward. All you need is a subject (which is the object in the active sentence), the verb “ser” followed by the past participle of the active verb. Subject + ser + past participle

Some would call them the social generation
Spanish Conditional Tense

The conditional is a structure that we use to express possibility or probability, wishes, excuses, and even suggestions or requests. It can also be used to talk about things we would do, if a certain action happens (ie. hypothetical situations).

attractive asian girl using virtual reality headset on street in evening, city of future concept
Spanish Future Tense

The Simple Future (Futuro simple), is used to describe actions that will happen in the future, without indicating a specific point in time.

Show More

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:

Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

Specific Capabilities at this Level

I can write short, simple notes and messages relating to matters in areas of immediate needs. I can write a very simple personal letter, for example thanking someone for something.
Spoken Production:
I can use a series of phrases and sentences to describe in simple terms my family and other people, living conditions, my educational background and my present or most recent job.
Spoken Interaction:
I can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities. I can handle very short social exchanges, even though I can’t usually understand enough to keep the conversation going myself.
I can read very short, simple texts. I can find specific, predictable information in simple everyday material such as advertisements, prospectuses, menus and timetables and I can understand short simple personal letters.
I can understand phrases and the highest frequency vocabulary related to areas of most immediate personal relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local area, employment). I can catch the main point in short, clear, simple messages and announcements.