Spanish Answering Questions
In Spanish, the simplest way to ask a question is by taking an ordinary sentence and changing your intonation at the end. We ask questions in this exact same way in English.
Asking questions is very important to keep a conversation flowing. The way we ask for or about something in Spanish is somewhat similar to English. One immediate difference is the use of question marks.
Questions marks in Spanish are called SIGNOS DE INTERROGACIÓN. As a general rule, these punctuation marks are used at the beginning and at the end of all questions in the Spanish language. The question mark at the beginning should be placed upside down, whereas the question mark that comes at the end of the sentence should be written just like in English. When writing, it would be incorrect to omit any of the two Spanish question marks. Also note, when it comes to speaking, questions in Spanish have a different intonation sometimes.
Correct written form: ¿Estás estudiando español?
Incorrect written form: Estás estudiando español?
The verbs SER, ESTAR, TENER, PODER and HACER are often used to make Si/No Spanish questions, so when someone asks using any of these verbs we can reply with SI or NO. Most of the time, we add information besides SI or NO, and more importantly, when we pronounce this type of basic Spanish questions, the intonation should go up in the end.
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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.