French Voir, Coire, and Boire


In Le Passé Composé, some verbs have very short irregular past participles (vu, dû, pu, bu, cru, su, lu, plu, tu). Learn how to conjugateverbs like VOIR (to see), DEVOIR (to have to), POUVOIR (to be able to), BOIRE (to drink), SAVOIR (to know), LIRE (to read), PLAIRE (to like) and TAIRE (to keep quiet) in Le Passé Composé in French.

Tourist look at the binocular for seeing the view in Hong Kong

As Units progress, you will learn more and more irregular verbs. These three verbs – voir, croire, and boire – meaning “to see,” “to believe,” and “to drink,” respectively are all conjugated similarly. Below are the three conjugation tables for these verbs in the present tense. The other resources linked in this module will review these verbs separately.

Subject PronounVoirMeaning
JevoisI see
TuvoisYou see
Il/Elle/OnvoitHe/She/One sees
NousvoyonsWe see
VousvoyezYou see
Ils/EllesvoientThey see
Subject PronounCroireMeaning
JecroisI believe
TucroisYou believe
Il/Elle/OncroitHe/She/One believes
NouscroyonsWe believe
VouscroyezYou believe
Ils/EllescroientThey believe
Subject PronounBoire*Meaning
JeboisI drink
TuboisYou drink
Il/Elle/OnboitHe/She/One drinks
NousbuvonsWe drink
VousbuvezYou drink
Ils/EllesboiventThey drink

*When you talk about drinking, you have to remember that we typically drink in quantities. Just like with the verb manger (to eat), we eat/drink some of something. Meaning in most contexts, we should use the partitive article, de, following these verbs. Review the partitive article in A1.1 Module 9. You will read and practice example sentences with boire in this module.

Notice the similarities between the three tables. In the first, second, third person singular, and third person plural forms, the conjugation of these three verbs begin in similar ways. The endings of each conjugation should look familiar, too. The Nous and Vous forms of these verbs need the most attention. Take a close look at how the fourth letter of Voir and Coire changes from “i” to “y” and in Boire, the third letter is a “v.”

As you learn more verbs, it’s important to see them used in context. Always take some time to review the example sentences provided and complete the short exercise provided with the module. These sentences will also help you improve your vocabulary.


Je vois mon amie dans la rue.                        I see my friend in the street.

Tu bois du thé le matin.                                  You drink some tea every morning.

Elise croit que Mathieu aime Elizabeth.         Elise believes that Matthew loves Elizabeth.

Au bar, nous buvons de la bière.                    At the bar, we are drinking some beer.

Voyez-vous ce beau sac-à-main ?                   Do you see this beautiful purse?

Elles ne croient pas au mensonge.                 They do not believe the lie.

Our teachers and tutors are experienced and passionate about helping students improve their language skills. Our platform offers a flexible and convenient way to learn from the comfort of your home or in person. Find whether your favorite teacher is available for in person classes or choose any teacher for online class or simply let us pick a great teacher for you.

Highlighted Author:

France, Paris, Smiling woman standing on a bridge with the Eiffel tower in the background
Smiling young african american businessman writing in diary and using laptop in creative office

Private Classes

Meet one or more times weekly with a dedicated French instructor online at a pace and schedule that custom fits your busy life.

Group of cheerful young women studying together

Group Courses

Our group French courses meet twice a week for 1-hour classes. Learn French with other motivated students. Best option for French CEFR certification.
Inspirational International Women's Day Quotes for 2023


Do you like to study on your own when it’s convenient for you? Buy helpful charts, vocabulary lists, and courses.

Additional Topics

People buying vegetables at the farmers market
French The Pronoun "en"

The adverbial pronoun en can replace a quantity, a place, or the object of the preposition de. This little word has many possible translations: any, one, some, about it / them, of it / them.

Adult African American father next to daughter plays the synthesizer
The French Pronoun Y

Y replaces or refers back to an adverb phrase of place or of location. In its simplest form, it means just there (in the meaning of in that place) It can also mean in something, on something, under something, beside something, etc.

Who is it
French Relative Pronouns Qui vs Que

In French, direct object pronouns are used for verbs which aren’t followed by prepositions: Me (me), te (you), nous (us), vous (you), le (him or it), la (her or it), les (them). For example, Je vois le garçon. Je le vois. (I see the boy. I see him).

Show More
Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:
Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.
Specific Capabilities at this Level
I can write short, simple notes and messages relating to matters in areas of immediate needs. I can write a very simple personal letter, for example thanking someone for something.
Spoken Production:
I can use a series of phrases and sentences to describe in simple terms my family and other people, living conditions, my educational background and my present or most recent job.
Spoken Interaction:
I can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities. I can handle very short social exchanges, even though I can’t usually understand enough to keep the conversation going myself.
I can read very short, simple texts. I can find specific, predictable information in simple everyday material such as advertisements, prospectuses, menus and timetables and I can understand short simple personal letters.
I can understand phrases and the highest frequency vocabulary related to areas of most immediate personal relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local area, employment). I can catch the main point in short, clear, simple messages and announcements.