French The Verb "to have"


Avoir means 'to have' in French. It is important to know how to use avoir as it is the second most common verb in French. It's useful to be able to talk about what you have or don't have. It is important to know how to use avoir as it is the second most common verb in French. It's useful to be able to talk about what you have or don't have.‎ Avoir is an irregular verb. Regular verbs follow the same pattern, but irregular verbs don’t.

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Below is a table that shows how to conjugate the verb to have,or avoir.

J’aiI have
Tu asYou have (informal, singular)
Il/Elle/On aHe/She/One has
Nous avonsWe have
Vous avezYou have (formal and/or plural)
Ils/Elles ontThey have

What to know about avoir:

  • Like êtreavoir is an irregular verb and is one of the most common verbs used in French.
  • You’ll notice in the first person singular conjugation of avoir that the « e » in the subject pronoun « Je » is missing. Je is connected to the conjugation ai by an apostrophe. This is because two vowels (two vowel sounds) are placed back to back.

What is a liason?

A liaison is the connection of sounds between a word that ends in a consonant and the following word that begins with a vowel. The connecting sound oftentimes, and with these examples specifically, is a “z” sound.

Nous avons – [newz ah-von]

Vous avez – [vooz ah-vay]

Ils/Elles ont – [il/el zon]

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:
Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
Specific Capabilities at this Level
I can write a short, simple postcard, for example sending holiday greetings. I can fill in forms with personal details, for example entering my name, nationality and address on a hotel registration form.
Spoken Production:
I can use simple phrases and sentences to describe where I live and people I know.
Spoken Interaction:
I can interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to repeat or rephrase things at a slower rate of speech and help me formulate what I’m trying to say. I can ask and answer simple questions in areas of immediate need or on very familiar topics.
I can understand familiar names, words and very simple sentences, for example on notices and posters or in catalogues.
I can recognize familiar words and very basic phrases concerning myself, my family and immediate concrete surroundings when people speak slowly and clearly.