French Simple Future
The futur simple (simple future) describes what will happen for predictions and future projects. Form the simple future of regular -er and -ir verbs by taking the infinitive and adding the specific endings. The simple future of regular -re verbs is formed by removing the final -e from the infinitive and adding the endings above.
In A1.2 Module 11, we learned how to conjugate the near future tense. The near future expresses that one is going to do something. The futur simple is another tense that is used to express an action that will happen. The English example sentences below use the simple future tense:
I will drink this glass of wine.
One will not predict the future.
They will tell the truth in court.
How to Conjugate Regular verbs Simple Future Tense
The simple future tense is rather easy to conjugate. In most cases, or with regular future verbs, you take the infinitive of your verb and add the following endings:
|Je||ai||Je regarderai||I will watch|
|Tu||as||Tu finiras||You will finish|
|Il/Elle/On||a||Il/Elle/On attendra*||He/She/One will wait|
|Nous||ons||Nous achèterons||We will buy|
|Vous||ez||Vous lirez||You will read|
|Ils/Elles||ont||Ils/Elles tomberont||They will fall|
*For regular -re verbs (attendre, entendre, suspendre… etc), the -e at the end is dropped before adding the future ending.
Irregular Future Verb Stems
Several verbs in French have a unique stem for the future tense. Below are the most common verb stems that are irregular. Study the meanings of these verbs and their irregular stems in the Quizlet set of this module.
Aller → ir
Être → ser
Faire → fer
Vouloir → voudr
Pouvoir → pourr
Devoir → devr
Courir → courr
Mourir → mourr
Pleuvoir → pleuvr
Falloir → faudr
Recevoir → recevr
Savoir → saur
Tenir → tiendr
Venir → viendr
Voir → verr
J’aurai une bonne soirée. → I will have a good night out.
Tu seras content demain. → You will be happy tomorrow.
Il faudra signer le document. → It will be necessary to sign the document.
Nous recevrons de bonnes nouvelles. → We will receive some good news.
Vous tiendrez les mains de l’enfant. → You will hold the hands of the child.
Elles verront l’arc du ciel après la pluie. → They will see the rainbow after the rain.
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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.