French Simple Future

Overview

The futur simple (simple future) describes what will happen for predictions and future projects. Form the simple future of regular -er and -ir verbs by taking the infinitive and adding the specific endings. The simple future of regular -re verbs is formed by removing the final -e from the infinitive and adding the endings above. 

Future

In A1.2 Module 11, we learned how to conjugate the near future tense. The near future expresses that one is going to do something. The futur simple is another tense that is used to express an action that will happen. The English example sentences below use the simple future tense:

I will drink this glass of wine.

One will not predict the future.

They will tell the truth in court.

How to Conjugate Regular verbs Simple Future Tense

The simple future tense is rather easy to conjugate. In most cases, or with regular future verbs, you take the infinitive of your verb and add the following endings:

SubjectEndingExampleMeaning
JeaiJe regarderaiI will watch
TuasTu finirasYou will finish
Il/Elle/OnaIl/Elle/On attendra*He/She/One will wait
NousonsNous achèteronsWe will buy
VousezVous lirezYou will read
Ils/EllesontIls/Elles tomberontThey will fall

*For regular -re verbs (attendre, entendre, suspendre… etc), the -e at the end is dropped before adding the future ending.

Irregular Future Verb Stems

Several verbs in French have a unique stem for the future tense. Below are the most common verb stems that are irregular. Study the meanings of these verbs and their irregular stems in the Quizlet set of this module.

Aller → ir                               

Avoiraur

Être → ser

Faire → fer

Vouloir voudr

Pouvoir pourr

Devoir devr

Courir courr

Mourir mourr

Pleuvoir pleuvr

Falloir faudr

Recevoir → recevr

Savoir saur

Tenir tiendr

Venir viendr

Voir verr

Examples:

J’aurai une bonne soirée. I will have a good night out.

Tu seras content demain. You will be happy tomorrow.

Il faudra signer le document. It will be necessary to sign the document.

Nous recevrons de bonnes nouvelles. We will receive some good news.

Vous tiendrez les mains de lenfant. You will hold the hands of the child.

Elles verront larc du ciel après la pluie. They will see the rainbow after the rain.

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:
Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.
Specific Capabilities at this Level
Writing:
I can write short, simple notes and messages relating to matters in areas of immediate needs. I can write a very simple personal letter, for example thanking someone for something.
Spoken Production:
I can use a series of phrases and sentences to describe in simple terms my family and other people, living conditions, my educational background and my present or most recent job.
Spoken Interaction:
I can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities. I can handle very short social exchanges, even though I can’t usually understand enough to keep the conversation going myself.
Reading:
I can read very short, simple texts. I can find specific, predictable information in simple everyday material such as advertisements, prospectuses, menus and timetables and I can understand short simple personal letters.
Listening:
I can understand phrases and the highest frequency vocabulary related to areas of most immediate personal relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local area, employment). I can catch the main point in short, clear, simple messages and announcements.