French Numbers

Overview

Learn the French numbers and how to count from 0 to 100. The numbers in French 1-100 are much more complex than un, deux trois (one, two, three). While counting from 1-20 is very straight forward, the numbers 60-100 become much more complicated.

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Learning how to say the numbers in French is important for countless reasons.

Numbers 1-20

Un – 1 

Deux – 2

Trois – 3

Quarte – 4

Cinq – 5

Six – 6

Sept – 7

Huit – 8

Neuf – 9

Dix – 10

Onze – 11

Douze – 12

Treize – 13

Quatorze – 14

Quinze – 15

Seize – 16

Dix-sept – 17

Dix-huit – 18

Dix-neuf – 19

Vingt – 20

Numbers 21-69

Create the numbers 21*-69 by adding together the tens (listed below) with the numbers 2-9.

                                                                                    Examples:

Vingt – 20                                                                    Vingt-deux = 22

Trente – 30                                                                  Trente-quatre = 34

Quarante – 40                                                             Quarante-six = 46

Cinquante – 50                                                            Cinquante-huit = 58

Soixante – 60                                                               Soixante-neuf = 69

*To write the numbers 21, 31, 41, 51, and 61: add et un (“and one”) to the numbers above.

Example:

41 = quarante et un = which literally means “forty and one”

Numbers 70-99

A lot of math goes into the formation of French numbers. Pay close attention to how these remaining numbers add up (literally).

70 – soixante-dix

71 – soixante-onze

80 – quatre-vingt

81 – quatre-vingt-un

90- quatre-vingt-dix

91 – quatre-vingt-onze

72 – soixante-douze                         82 – quatre-vingt-deux                     92 – quatre-vingt douze

Etc…                                               Etc…                                               Etc…

Think:                                                  Think:                                      Think:

 “sixty+ten, sixty+eleven…”      “four twenties, four twenties + one…”     “four twenties + ten,   four twenties + eleven…”

Notice how these combinations of numbers are added together. Think of the hyphens as French plus signs.

View the other material in the module to learn additional numbers and pronunciation tips.

Highlighted Author:

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:
Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
Specific Capabilities at this Level
Writing:
I can write a short, simple postcard, for example sending holiday greetings. I can fill in forms with personal details, for example entering my name, nationality and address on a hotel registration form.
Spoken Production:
I can use simple phrases and sentences to describe where I live and people I know.
Spoken Interaction:
I can interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to repeat or rephrase things at a slower rate of speech and help me formulate what I’m trying to say. I can ask and answer simple questions in areas of immediate need or on very familiar topics.
Reading:
I can understand familiar names, words and very simple sentences, for example on notices and posters or in catalogues.
Listening:
I can recognize familiar words and very basic phrases concerning myself, my family and immediate concrete surroundings when people speak slowly and clearly.