French -IR verbs (present tense)
Verbs with infinitives ending in -ir form a second group of regular verbs in French, often called 'second conjugation' verbs. To conjugate these verbs, drop the -ir from the infinitive and add the second conjugation present tense endings: -is, -is, -it, -issons, -issez, -issent.
In Module 12 of A1.1, we learned how to conjugate regular -ER verbs. Remember that a regular verb follows a specific pattern for its conjugation. Irregular verb conjugations are unique.
Another group of regular verbs that we are going to study are -IR verbs, or verbs that end with the letters -ir. To review, the first two steps of conjugating any regular verb are:
- First choose the verb that makes the most sense for the context of your sentence.
- Take off the ending.
In this lesson, the ending we are removing from the infinitive is -ir. Finally,
- Add the ending to the verb’s stem that corresponds with the subject of the sentence or phrase.
Take a look at the following verb chart and example sentences with the -IR verb choisir, meaning “to choose.”
Choisir → Chois…
|Subject Pronoun||Ending||Stem + Ending||Example||Translation|
|Je||-is||choisis||Je choisis le café.||I choose the café. I am choosing the café.|
|Tu||-is||choisis||Tu choisis le musée.||You choose the museum. You are choosing the museum.|
|Il/Elle/On||-it||choisit||Elle choisit le parc.||She chooses the park. She is choosing the park.|
|Nous||-issons||choisissons||Nous choisissons l’église.||We choose the church. We are choosing the church.|
|Vous||-issez||choisissez||Vous choisissez la librairie.||You choose the bookstore. You are choosing the bookstore.|
|Ils/Elles||-issent||choisissent||Ils choisissent le centre commercial.||They choose the mall. They are choosing the mall.|
See the Reading link in this lesson to review a list of some of the most common -IR verbs.
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