French Dates


If you ever write letters, make plans, or request appointments, this lesson will be invaluable. There are a few little formulas to memorize in French, but otherwise, dates are very easy to talk about. In order to say the date in French it is necessary to know the numbers through thirty.

Calendar appointment

To learn how to say the date in French, you must learn the days of the week and months of the year.

Les Jours de la Semaine – The Days of the Week

lundi – Monday

mardi – Tuesday

mercredi – Wednesday

jeudi – Thursday

vendredi – Friday

samedi – Saturday

dimanche – Sunday

Les Mois de lAnnée  – The Months of the Year

janvier – January

vrier – February

mars – March

avril – April

mai – May

juin – June

juillet – July

août – August

septembre – September

octobre – October

novembre – November

cembre – December

*Notice how neither the days of the week nor months of the year are capitalized in French. These are only capitalized if they are found at the beginning of a sentence.*

La Date – The Date

The following questions can be used to ask what date/day it is:

Quelle est la date ? → “C’est le…”

Nous sommes le combien ? → “Nous sommes…”

Quel jour sommes-nous ? → “Nous sommes…”

First, take a look at how writing the date in French compares to English.

English:           Today, it’s Sunday, July 4th, 2021                 or         7/7/2021

French:            Aujourd’hui, c’est dimanche le 4 juillet 2021            or         4/7/2021

The formula for writing the date in French is:

(day of the week) + le + (cardinal number date) + (month) + (year)                      

or         day/mother/year

*One exception to this formula is on the first of the month. To express the first day, one should say le premier” or “1erfor the (cardinal number date) part of the formula.

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:
Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
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I can write a short, simple postcard, for example sending holiday greetings. I can fill in forms with personal details, for example entering my name, nationality and address on a hotel registration form.
Spoken Production:
I can use simple phrases and sentences to describe where I live and people I know.
Spoken Interaction:
I can interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to repeat or rephrase things at a slower rate of speech and help me formulate what I’m trying to say. I can ask and answer simple questions in areas of immediate need or on very familiar topics.
I can understand familiar names, words and very simple sentences, for example on notices and posters or in catalogues.
I can recognize familiar words and very basic phrases concerning myself, my family and immediate concrete surroundings when people speak slowly and clearly.