English Subject Pronouns

Overview

Learn the English subject pronouns and how to form basic "Subject - Verb" sentences.

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The subject in a sentence is the entity (person, thing, object or place) that is doing something. When a pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they) takes the place of a subject in a sentence, it becomes a subject pronoun.

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Examples:
I (subject) am driving a car (object).
I (subject) am calling him (object pronoun).
We (subject) are going to see them (object pronoun).
She (subject) will message you (object pronoun).

Additional subject pronouns include: who, whoever, everybody, everyone, many, some, someone, and somebody. This is not a complete list, but covers most of the subject pronouns you will encounter.

Subject pronouns that rename the subject in the predicate occur after the verb “to be.”

Examples:

Phone caller: Hello. Can I please speak with Anne?
Anne: This is she

It is I who am sorry for the mess.

Note that in the first example, “this” is a stand-in for “she” (Anne). In the second example, the “I” comes after “is” because that is the conjugated form of “to be” for “it”; however, “am” occurs after “who” because verbs after that particular pronoun must match the pronoun (“I”) being referred to.

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR is an international standard used to describe language ability. Here are specific details of the CEFR for this topic.

General Explanation:
Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
Specific Capabilities at this Level
Writing:
I can write a short, simple postcard, for example sending holiday greetings. I can fill in forms with personal details, for example entering my name, nationality and address on a hotel registration form.
Spoken Production:
I can use simple phrases and sentences to describe where I live and people I know.
Spoken Interaction:
I can interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to repeat or rephrase things at a slower rate of speech and help me formulate what I’m trying to say. I can ask and answer simple questions in areas of immediate need or on very familiar topics.
Reading:
I can understand familiar names, words and very simple sentences, for example on notices and posters or in catalogues.
Listening:
I can recognize familiar words and very basic phrases concerning myself, my family and immediate concrete surroundings when people speak slowly and clearly.