Spanish Present Perfect Tense

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

To form the Spanish present perfect, known in Spanish as el pretérito perfecto, you’ll need to combine the present conjugations of haber with a past participle. The formula looks as follows:

Pretérito perfecto = Haber + participio. 

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Spanish A2

 

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Present Perfect Tense in Spanish

The present perfect tense is formed by the auxiliary verb “has,” or “have,” “haber,”plus the past participle. Remember that the past participle is formed by dropping the “ar,” or “er” of a verb and adding “ado,” or “ido.”

Examples: hacer - haciendo. The present perfect tense requires two verbs: I have written - Yo he escrito (have) is the auxiliary verb and written is the main verb.

Haber + past participle - He corrido - I run

The conjugation of the verb Hacer is as follows:

                 Singular

         Plural

Yo he escrito

 

Ellos han escrito

Tu has escrito

 

Nosotros hemos escrito

El ha escrito

 

Vosotros habeis escrito

Ella ha escrito

 

Ustedes han escrito

Yo he

Ellos han

Tu has

Nosotros hemos

El ha

Ustedes han



In spite of its name, the present perfect tense is shown as an action in the past. Something that has been completed and has to do with the present. In English, it is possible to separate “have” from the past participle, however in Spanish you cannot separate “haber,” from the past participle.

Me he comprado un vestido largo.   I have bought a long dress.

Lo hemos pensado mucho ayer.     We have thought about it a lot yesterday.

You should be aware, however, that the Spanish present perfect tense should not always be thought of as the equivalent of the English present perfect tense. In many regions, it can be used as the equivalent of the English simple past tense. Sometimes the context will make this clear:

Ha llegado ayer por la noche.   He arrived yesterday at night.

Ellos han bailado toda la noche.     They danced all night.

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Writing Exercises

Write the right form of present tense using “haber,” plus past participle of the verb.

  1. Arturo ______________ (estudiar) para la obra y sabe todo.
  2. La tía de Federico ___________________ (comprar) los comestibles.
  3. Nosotros _____________(limpiar) la sala y el comedor.
  4. Los niños ______________(dormir) en la recámara.
  5. El precio del oro ____________(subir) mucho.
  6. Ellos ________________ (ir) a la tienda a comprar dulces.
  7. Beatriz _______________ (descansar) en su recámara.
  8. Yo _________________(ordenar) mi escritorio.
  9. Los abuelos de Patty _______________ (trabajar) toda su vida.
  10. Mi prima ____________________ (pensar) mucho en el problema.

Vocabulary

El ascensor - The elevator                

Aprender - To learn

El correo - The mail                          

Pensando - Thinking

Conseguir - To get                            

Golpeando - Hitting

El oro - The gold                                

Dejando - Leaving

Los comestibles - The groceries        

Trabajando - Working

La sala - The living room                    

Descansando - Resting

El comedor - The dining room            

Limpiando - Cleaning

La recámara - The bedroom              

Ordenando - Organizing

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