Spanish Past Participles as Adjectives

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

A regular Past Participle is a verb form that is usually used with Perfect Tenses. In English, the Past Participle is formed by either adding “-ed” or “-en” to the infinitive form, for example, the Past Participle of the verb “to walk” is “walked”. 

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Spanish A2

 

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Past Participles as Adjectives in Spanish

Past participles can be used as adjectives by following a few steps. You will look at your infinitive first, then you will drop the endings which are: “ar, er, ir, after dropping these endings, you add “ado or ido.” When you change a past participle into an adjective, it has to agree in number and gender with the noun.

For irregular verbs ending in er, ir, you drop the “er, ir,: and add “ido.”

El juguete está roto. “roto” is your adjective that is in singular and masculine since “juguete,” is male.

The toy is broken

La ventana está rota. Here “rota,” is feminine and sigular because ventana is feminine and there is only one.

The window is broken

Regular verbs end in “ar-er-ir,” and you make it into an adjective by dropping the “ar-er-ir,” and adding “ado.”

Es tradición estar sentados a la mesa juntos toda la familia.

It is tradition to seat at the table, together all the family.

 

Regular Past Participles In Spanish

______________________________________________________________________________

Verb Endings

Verbo Infinitivo

Pasado Participio

Infinitive Verb

Past Participle

-AR = ADO(S) / ADA(S)

Jugar

Jugado

To play

Played

-IR = IDO(S) / IDA(S)

Vivir

Vivido

To live

Lived

-ER = IDO(S) / IDA(S)

Creer

Creído

To believe

Believed

 

In some cases with a few verbs that end in “ir, er" such as leer, oir, you will drop the “er, ir,” and add “yendo.”

Leer – leyendo

Oir - Oyendo

Several Spanish verbs have irregular past participles: Some are: abrir – abierto; decir-dicho, hacer-hecho. There are several perfect tenses. They use the formula Haber + Past Participle. Example: Roberto ha viajado a Londres. Robert has traveled to London.                                              

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Writing Exercises

Write the correct form of the verb traer, comer, decir, conocer, hablar, leer, vivir, tener, hacer, escribir, viajar, bailar to make them into an adjective.

 

  1. Mario ha ________ la música Latinoamericana.
  2. ¿Has _________ mucho a Brasil?
  3. Habre _________ ese libro unas diez veces.
  4. La semana pasada he ___________ una parte del edificio.    
  5. Margaret ha ____________ unos postres deliciosos      
  6. Juan ha ___________ la vasija de patatas.
  7. Laura está __________ la televición.      
  8. El tema está ___________ con el presidente.
  9. El poema está ___________ con mucho amor.
  10. Ha _________ un pastel para la cena.

Answer key: 1. bailado 2. viajado   3. leido   4. conocido 5. cocinado 6. Traido 7. viendo 8.hablado 9. escrito  10. hecho.                                      

Vocabulary

 

Bailar

Cantar

Andar

Vivir

Conocer

Decir

Querer

Leer

Oir

Traer

Comer

Tener

Saber

Bailado

Cantado

Andado

Vivido

Conocido

Decido

Querido

Leido

Oido

Traido

Comido

Tenido

Sabido

 

To dance

To sing

To walk

To live

To meet

To say

To want

To read

To hear

To bring

To eat

To have

To know

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