Spanish Adverbs

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

An adverb is a word that complements or can modify a verb, an adjective or even other adverbs. Adverbs are divided according to the change they perform in a sentence. In the following lesson, you will learn about the different types of adverbs in Spanish and how to use them properly.

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Spanish A2

 

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Adverbs in Spanish

An adverb is a word that complements or modifies the verb, an adjective or another adverb. They are similar to adjectives, however, adverbs describe how an action is taking place if it is slow, or with difficulty, or fast. Examples of Adverbs are quickly, softly. Notice that most of them end in“Ly.” In Spanish, the ending for the adverb is “mente.”

First you change the adjective to the feminine form of the word, and simply add “mente,” to the end of the word.

Adjective                            

Feminine                    

Add “mente”

Rápido   - fast                        

Rápida                        

Rapidamente

Lento     - slow                      

Lenta                            

Lentamente

Suave   - soft                        

Suave                        

Suavemente

Absoluto - definitely                

Absoluta                      

Absolutamente

 

There are other adverbs which describe how an action occurs and that are unique to Spanish:

Me lo sé de memoria - I know it by heart

Lo hicimos a escondidas - We did it secretly

De repente salimos a correr - Suddenly we went out running

If you want to describe to someone the manner in which something took place, you will use an adverb. They are written in the same form and do not change according to gender or number because they modify adjectives not nouns. Adverbs are placed after the verb.

It is easy to identify an adverb in a sentence because all you have to do is ask yourself questions like: when, how, when, where, how long, how often; and look at your sentence for the answer. Your word which tells you how things happened, is your adverb.

 

If you want to let someone know when or how often an action occurs, you can use these adverbs:

A menudo - Often

Ella se tarda a menudo - She is late often

 

Al final - At the end

Encontrarás una maleta al final de la calle -

 

De día - During the day 

You will find a suitcase at the end of the street.

 

De noche - At night

Voy a la tienda de noche- I go to the store at night

 

De vez en cuando - Once in a while

Yo voy a la playa de vez en cuando.

 

Adverbs that describe where an action occurs:

A la derecha - To the right

En ninguna parte - Nowhere

A la izquierda - To the left

En otra parte - In another part

De arriba a abajo - Up and down

En casa - At home

Por aquí - This way

Hay parques en todas partes. There are parks everywhere.

Vamos al cine después de estudiar. Let’s go to the movies after studying.

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How to form Adverbs in Spanish! (feat: Juan Cena)

Writing Exercises

 

Choose the correct word to describe how, when, where the action is taking place.

 

  1. Pedro ________________ (usualmente/curiosamente) llega temprano a su trabajo.
  2. El bus se mueve muy _______________ (lentamente/ansiosamente); vamos a llegar tarde!
  3. Mi amiga estudia ____________ (después del/antes del) exámen.
  4. Laura vino _________________ (de noche/de día) para ver la luna llena.
  5. El profesor enseña _____________(frecuentemente/posteriormente) acerca del planeta.
  6. Ana se levanta _____________ (temprano/algunas veces) para llegar a tiempo a la clase.
  7. Yo no puedo encontrar mis joyas ___________ (en ninguna parte/respectivamente) de mi cuarto.
  8. Elena y Juan estudian Lenguaje y Ciencia __________________ (respectivamente/ curiosamente) en la librería.
  9. Llámame _____________ (en la noche/despacio) para conversar.
  10. El pantalón le quedó __________(chico/temprano) y tiene que comprar otro.

 

 

Answer Key 1. Usualmente   2. Lentamente   3. Antes del 4.de noche 5.frecuentemente 6.temprano 7.en ninguna parte 8.respectivamente 9. En la noche 10. chico

Grande - Big                                                

Tarde - Late

Chico - Small                                            

Temprano - Early

Despacio - Slow                                              

Difícil - Difficult

Delgado - Skinny                                            

Fácil - Easy

Desesperadamente - Desperately                      

Siempre - Always

Ansiosamente - Anxiously                          

Alguna vez - Ever

Curiosamente - Curiously                            

Frecuentemente - Frequently

Anteriormente - Before                                

Casi núnca - hardly ever

Posteriormente - Afterwards                        

Algunas veces - Sometimes

Respectivamente - Respectively                      

Usualmente - Usually

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