Spanish Reflexive Pronouns

Beginner Spanish - Level A1

Overview

Reflexive pronouns are used with a verb to indicate that a person performs an action to or for him/herself. In other words, the subject of the verb and the direct object of the verb are the same person. Therefore, reflexive pronouns match the subject of the verb.

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Spanish A1

 

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Reflexive Pronouns in Spanish

First of all, what are pronouns? Remember that pronouns are words that take the place of a noun.

In our previous lesson about Subject Pronouns we learned about the pronouns yo, tú, él, ella, usted, nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas and ustedes. In this lesson we will talk about a different type of pronoun – Reflexive Pronouns.

Reflexive Pronouns are used when talking about actions performed on, or to, oneself. These pronouns can be paired with the previously mentioned subject pronouns!

How do we know when to use reflexive pronouns? The great thing about reflexive pronouns is that they are always paired with a reflexive verb. We know a verb is a reflexive verb because it will have the ending “se” attached to the infinitive form of the verb. (ex: despertarse, levantarse, bañarse)

The reflexive pronouns are:

ME

NOS

TE

OS

SE

SE

 

Notice how these pronouns “live” in the same boxes as the subject pronouns that we know? They also correlate with those subject pronouns. For example, “me” is used in place of “yo” (or in conjunction with it if you prefer). For example, you can say: me despierto (I wake up) or yo me despierto (I wake up).

NOTE: It is helpful to use a subject pronoun with a reflexive pronoun in the case of the reflexive pronoun “se”. Because “se” can refer to él, ella, usted, ellos, ellas or ustedes, it helps to use a subject pronoun to clarify about whom you are speaking. For example, if we were to just say “se ducha”, we would know someone is taking a shower, but it could be él, ella or usted! (*we know it’s not ellos, ellas or ustedes based on the ending of the verb – see how there is no “N” on the end?). So, to clarify we would add “ella se ducha” to say, “she takes a shower”. 

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In our next lesson we will talk all about reflexive verbs and how to conjugate them but for now, let’s practice with our reflexive pronouns!

Choose the correct subject pronoun for each blank below based on the subject of the sentence. Be sure to click READ MORE below to check the answer key once you are finished!

  1. T/F You have to use subject pronouns with reflexive pronouns.
  2. T/F Reflexive pronouns are used when an action is done to oneself.

    Choose the appropriate reflexive pronoun for the blanks below based on the ending of the verb:

  3. ________ despertamos a las 6:00.
  4. ________ afeito cuando voy a la playa.
  5. ________ desayunan juntos en el comedor todos los días.
  6. Ella siempre ________ cepilla los dientes antes de salir de la casa.
  7. No ________ duchas con Suave pero con Dove.
  8. ________ acuesto muy tarde los fines de semana.
  9. Ellos no ________ visten en el baño.
  10. Mis amigos y yo ________ estiramos antes de hacer ejercicio.

 

Answer Key: 1. F, 2. T, 3. Nos, 4. Me, 5. Se, 6. Se, 7. Te, 8. Me, 9. Se, 10. Nos

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