Spanish -ER Verbs (present tense)

Beginner Spanish - Level A1

Overview

In our previous unit we learned all about regular -AR verbs(-AR Verbs Module) how to conjugate them. Spanish –er verbs are an essential part of learning Spanish. -Er verbs share the same construction, so you can easily link them in your mind. Learning these words together will make all of the words easier to remember.

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Spanish A1

 

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Conjugating Regular -ER Verbs in The Present Tense in Spanish

From our last lesson, we remember that there are three steps to conjugating verbs. They are: 

STEPS TO CONJUGATING REGULAR PRESENT TENSE VERBS IN SPANISH

  1. Chop off your -AR, -ER or -IR ending (viajar, beber, abrir) so that you are left with just the stem.
  2. Determine the subject of the sentence (yo, tú, él, etc.).
  3. Add your new ending based on the subject of the sentence. (yo viajo, tú bebes, nosotros abrimos)

Now for step 3, here are the new endings you will add to -ER verbs only (we will talk about -IR verbs in our next lesson!). 

-O

-EMOS

-ES

-ÉIS

-E

-EN

 

Are you noticing a pattern? All of the A’s from our -AR endings have now changed to E’s! So, once you memorize the -AR verb endings, these will be a breeze if you simply remember to change you’re A’s to E’s!

Here is the verb RESPONDER (to respond) conjugated in each form. The new endings have been highlighted for you.

Yo respondo

Nosotros(as) respondemos

Tú respondes

Vosotros(as) respondéis

Él/Ella/Usted responde

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes responden

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In Spanish, some of the first conjugations to master are present tense, regular verbs. This includes verbs that end in an -ar, -er, or-ir. Each have a different set of rules to follow when speaking and writing.

If you have not already, look at our -ar conjugation module first. It is easier to learn Spanish present tense conjugation in the order of -ar, -er, -ir.

Below is a list of common -er verbs that could be used in the practice examples.

Comer             To eat

Aprender         To learn

Leer                 To read

Beber               To drink

Correr              To run

Below is a chart with the verb endings for "er" verbs: 

Spanish er-verbs

To conjugate a verb with -er , first drop the ending (er) then add the appropriate verb ending. 

Example: Él+ leer. (he + to read)

STEP 1: Él + le (Drop the ending.)
STEP 2: Él + lee. (Add the conjugation.) -> He reads

Below is an example of the conjugation for comer:

Yo como
Tú comes
Él/ ella/ Ud. come
Nosotros comemos
Vosotros coméis
Ellos/ Ellas/ Uds. comen

It is easier if you create a little song in your head that can help you understand what ending to use (-o, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en).

Let’s practice!

Fill the blank with the correct conjugation of the verb (given in parenthesis) based on the subject of the sentence below. Be sure to click READ MORE to see the answer key! 

  1. Yo no _____________ la química. (comprender)
  2. Mi madre y padre _____________ el periódico todos los días. (leer)
  3. Mi perro y yo _____________ cada mañana. (correr)
  4. Las personas de Georgia _____________ muchos duraznos. (vender)
  5. Mi mejor amiga no _____________ la carne. (comer)
  6. Tú siempre estás enfermo porque nunca _____________ agua. (beber)
  7.  Yo _____________ que el cielo es azúl. (creer)
  8. Mi abuela no _____________ a los texts. (responder)
  9. Los estudientes _____________ más con CORE Languages. (aprender)
  10. ¡Ahora, nosotros _____________ muy bien hablar en Español! (saber)

Answer key: 1. Comprendo, 2. Leen, 3. Corremos, 4. Venden, 5. Come, 6. Bebes, 7. Creo, 8. Responde, 9. Aprenden, 10. Sabemos

Match the ending with the correct subject pronoun: 

1. -o            A. Nosotros
2. -éis         B. Vosotros
3. -emos    C. Yo
4. -e           D. Él
5. -en         E. Ellas
6. -es         F. Tú

7. Él ___ la cerveza. (He drinks the beer). 
   a. bebe
   b. bebemos
   c. bebéis
   d. beben

8. Ella ___ la pasta. (She eats pasta.) 
   a. como
   b. comes
   c. come
   d. comemos 

9. Nosotros ____. (We run.)
   a. corre
   b. corro 
   c. corréis
   d. corremos 

10. Yo ____ el idioma. (I learn the language.)
   a. aprendo
   b. aprende
   c. aprendes
   d. aprendemos 
 

Answers:

1C, 2B, 3A, 4D, 5E, 6F

7a, 8c, 9d, 10a

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