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    German Present Perfect - Mixed Verbs

    Beginner German - Level A1

    Overview

    Present perfect of mixed verbs

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    German A1.1

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    German A1

    Present Perfect - Mixed Verbs

    Mixed Verbs (gemischte Verben)

    Another category of verbs that display both strong and weak forms are the “mixed” verbs (gemischte Verben), otherwise known as weak irregular verbs. These verbs have the weak form of the participle (ge + t) along with stem vowel changes found in strong verbs (e.g. e → a, as in kennen → gekannt). The present tense of these verbs is regular in form (exception: "wissen" becomes "weiss"), and the changes only occur in the past tenses.

    The most common mixed verbs are: brennen, kennen, rennen, nennen, wissen, denken, and bringen. Their past participles are: gebrannt, gekannt, gerannt, genannt, gewusst, gedacht, and gebracht, respectively.

     Verb  Present Tense (3rd person singular)  Present Perfect (3rd person singular)
     brennen  brennt   hat gebrannt
     bringen  bringt   hat gebracht
     denken  denkt   hat gedacht
     kennen  kennt   hat gekannt
     nennen  nennt   hat genannt
     rennen  rennt   ist gerannt
     wissen  weiß   hat gewusst

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