Spanish Relative Pronouns

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

Relative pronouns in Spanish are words that connect clauses to give more information about previously mentioned people, things, or issues. You use them to connect ideas in one sentence and avoid repetition.

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Spanish A2

 

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Relative Pronouns in Spanish

Relative pronouns are the pronouns that are used to connect sentences, and they are used to refer back to a noun, pronoun or phrase that was talked about previously.

Relative pronouns are used to connect sentences to clarify and add information. The most common ones are Que, Quien.

Jennifer entra en la casa. La casa es mía.

Jennifer entra en la casa que es mía.

Que – Quien

Que can refer to a person, or thing and it is used when it comes as an antecedent to what it trying to clarify. Usually, it adds information about the previous statement.

La mujer que vive en esa casa, es mi hermana. The woman who lives in that house, is my sister.

Que- It can refer to a thing, person or place and means: that, which, who, or whom.

Quien- It can only refer to a person and it means who or whom.

When using Quien, it must match what its’ been said previously, the person spoken about or the (who it refers to in number). If the previous word is used in singular, you would use quien, and if it is plural, you will use quienes.

El Que and its relative forms: la que, los que, las que, are used in agreement with gender and number. El que, is usually used when there is distance between the relative the antecedent and the relative pronoun. It can also be used with prepositions such as sin, por and para, instead of just Que.

Los apartamentos, los que te compró Elizabeth, son bonitos.

The apartments, the ones Elizabeth bought, are pretty.

El Cual

El cual and its relative forms: la cual, los cuales, las cuales, must also agree in number and gender when used. They are used when there is more distance between the antecedent and the relative pronoun.

Mi hermana está poniendo la mesa, en la cual hay un jarrón encima. My sister is setting the table, in which there is a vase on top.

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Writing Exercises

Use: Que, quien, quienes, cual, las cuales, los cuales, el cual to finish the sentences.

  1. Sergio, _______ vino en la tarde, vive cerca de mi casa.
  2. La oficina _______, visitamos el Jueves, es bien grande.
  3. Los gatos _______, les diste de comer, han vuelto a la pedir comida.
  4. La noche en ________, te conocí, fue muy hermosa.
  5. Los primos _________, tu conoces, han venido a visitar.
  6. La cena __________, preparaste esta deliciosa.
  7. El doctor _________, te examina, es muy inteligente.
  8. La maestra _______, te da una golosina, es muy gorda.
  9. Rodrigo y Juan ________, son tus amigos, van a ir a la fiesta.
  10. Esteban y Claudia ________, estudian contigo, son de la misma edad.

Answer Key: 1. quien 2. la cual 3. los cuales 4. que 5. quienes 6. que 7. quien 8. quien 9. quienes 10. quienes

Vocabulary

El primo – The cousin             

El primo el cual - The cousin, the one that

 

El gato – The cat                    

La casa, la cual – The house, the one that

 

La noche – The night             

La cena que preparaste – The dinner that you prepared.

 

El pecho – The chest             

La mesera, quien vino – The waitress, who came      

   

Consultar – To check             

Claudia, quien es bonita – Claudia, who is pretty

 

Llamar - To call                      

La persona que te llama – The person who is calling you

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