Spanish Past Participles

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

A regular Past Participle is a verb form that is usually used with Perfect Tenses. In English, the Past Participle is formed by either adding “-ed” or “-en” to the infinitive form, for example, the Past Participle of the verb “to walk” is “walked”. More times than not, however, this just looks like the Simple Past Tense. In order to form the past participle in Spanish, all you have to do is drop the ending (-ar-er or -ir) from the Infinitive Verb and then add either -ado (if the ending of the verb was -ar) or -ido (if the ending of the verb was either -er or -ir).

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Spanish A2

 

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A past participle is a very useful verb form that can be used as an adjective or as part of a perfect tense when is used in conjunction with the verb “Haber”

Regular Past Participle Spanish forms:

To form the past participle of a verb, you drop the infinitive ending (ar-er-ir) and add “ado” to the stem of “ar” verbs, and “ido,” to verbs ending in “er-ir.” This is the equivalent of adding “ed,” to many verbs in English.

How to form past participle form with regular verbs:

ar- verb - hablar - habl - hablado  

er -verb - Tener - Ten – Tenido

Many verbs that are irregular have past participles, and on the table below are a few of them:

           Infinitive                               Past Participle                             English

         abrir

abierto

opened

         decir

dicho

said

         escribir

escrito

written

         hacer

hecho

done

         ver

visto

seen

 

There are quite a few perfect tenses in Spanish and they all use past participles.

Haber + past participle

These examples show the past participle being used in the present perfect and the future perfect: H H ¿

¿Has viajado mucho a Madrid?

Have you traveled a lot to Madrid?

Past participles are commonly used as adjectives in Spanish. When this is the case, they must agree in number and gender to the nouns they modify.

Me encantan los huevos revueltos

I love scramble eggs.

Past Participles in Spanish

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Underline the correct word to make the sentences in past participle

 

  1. Los estudiantes han (estudio/estudiado) bastante.
  2. Martha ha (vender/vendido) sus casas muy barato.
  3. Tu hermana ha (cocinar/cocinado) un pollo muy rico.
  4. Ya he (limpiar/limpiado) la sala y el comedor.
  5. Esteban ha (comprado/compró) unos pantalones muy grandes.
  6. Ellos han (reservado/reservar) un cuarto en un hotel.
  7. Los amigos han (comer/comido) unos platos deliciosos.
  8. Arturo y Ana se han (agotado/agotar) por caminar muchas millas.
  9. Estos caballo son muy (refinados/refinar) en esta hacienda.
  10. Mi amiga me ha (vender/vendido) los zapatos muy baratos.

 

Answer Key

  1. estudiado   2. vendido   3. cocinado   4. limpiado   5.comprado   6.reservado

7 comido   8. agotado   9.refinados   10. vendido

Comido – Eaten                                

Cansado - Tired

Gustado – Tasted                              

Agotado - Exahusted

Limpiado – Cleaned                          

Aliviado – Reliefed

Estudiado – Studied                          

Vestido - Dressed

Arreglado – Fixed                              

Cocinado - Cooked

Comprado – Bought                          

Vendido - Sold

Refinado – Refined                            

Reservado – Reserved

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