Spanish Informal Negative Commands

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

Negative informal commands, also called negative  commands, are used to tell a friend, family member the same age as you or younger, classmate, child, or pet not to do something.

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Spanish A2

 

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Giving Informal Negative Commands in Spanish

Negative informal commands are used to tell people what not to do. Usually this is implied and during regular conversations, we do not tell people: “I am going to use a negative command now;” we simply tell people what not to do by adding a “No” before the verb.

However, if you are asked to use a negative informal command during a test, you will know that if use the “tu,” form and it is used when speaking to someone of your same age, a child, or a student.

These commands are used with verbs ending in ar; er-ir and irregular verbs. When using regular verbs ending in “ar," for example, the word hablar (to speak) you have to remember to conjugate the verb in first person:

“Yo hablo.” Look at the word “hablo” and replace the final “o” with “es,” and you have “hables.” To complete your negative informal command, you add a “No.” No hables. This implies you are directing this command to someone using “tu” as it is implied in the sentence: “No hables (tu), however, remember that we do not use the “tu” word.

For verbs ending in “er - ir” you will remember the form of the verb conjugated in first person. For these verbs, you add “as,” at the end of the verb.

The word “comer,” “to eat,” if you conjugate it in the first person, you have: “yo como.” You simply take the “o” out of the verb and add “as” to the end of the verb.

No comas! - Do not eat!

For verbs ending in “ir,” you will follow the same procedure: Salir – To go out.

Yo salgo - Taking the “o” out and adding “as” to the end of the word, we have:

“No salgas!” Do not go out!

Dormir - Yo duermo   - No duermas!

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Writing Exercises

Practice using regular and irregular verbs to complete the following sentences.

Use the verbs Hacer- Tocar – Poner – manejar, abrir, in the present tense.

  1. No _______ la mesa.
  2. No _______ la guitarra
  3. No _______ la puerta
  4. No ________ el carro.
  5. No ________ la comida

Change the following sentences to the negative informal command form in the present tense.

  1. Poner los libros en la mesa. ________________________
  1. Sacar a pasear a la abuela. _______________________
  1. Hacer la comida para el almuerzo. ________________________
  1. Correr por toda la plaza. _______________________
  1. Abrir el libro de Ciencia. _______________________

 

 

Answer Key: 1. Pongas 2. Toques 3. Abras 4. manejes 5. hagas 

1. No Pongas los libros en la mesa. 2. No saques a pasear a la abuela. 3. No hagas la comida para el almuerzo. 4. No corras por toda la plaza. 5. No abras el libro de Ciencia.

Vocabulary

 

We will list words that are verbs you will use in the negative informal command.

 

Abrir – To open     Abrir la ventana – to open the window - No abras la ventana.

Hacer – To do       Hacer la tarea – to do homework – No hagas la tarea.          

Irse – To go           Irse a dormir -   to go to sleep - No te duermas

Tocar – to touch   Tocar la puerta- to knock on the door – No toques la puerta.

Pedir – To ask       Pedir la cuenta – to ask for the ticket–No preguntes por la cuenta.

Sacar – take out   Sacar la basura-   to take out the trash- No saques la basura.

Poner – To put     Poner los platos- To set the table – No pongas la mesa.

Manejar – To drive Manejar el carro-To drive the car – No manejes el carro.

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