Spanish The Verbs "pedir" and "preguntar"

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

 commands are the singular form of informal commands. You can use affirmative  commands to tell a friend, family member the same age as you or younger, classmate, child, or pet to do something. To tell somebody not to do something, you would use a negative tú command

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Spanish A2

 

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Giving Informal Commands in Spanish

There are several different types of commands in Spanish: Affirmative and negative; formal commands, and informal commands. We will concentrate on these in this lesson.

Informal Singular

commands: The singular informal way to say this command is used when you want to speak to a friend, colleague, someone younger than you, or a child. For example:

Compra la ropa/ Buy the clothes.

Lava el carro / Wash the car

To tell someone not to do something, you would use the command negative.

No compres la ropa/ Do not buy the clothes

No laves el carro / Do not wash the car

This lesson will show the commands in all its forms. The most common way to give commands is to use the word “tú” when you give orders, however you do not use the word “tú” itself because it is implied. “Cómprate (tú) la ropa.” “Buy the clothes. We do not include the word “tú” in our speech or when we write the command: “Cómprate la ropa.”

Formal Singular

commands in the formal singular are used when you speak to a person much older than you, a teacher, a person in authority, or simply someone who is older than you who you may respect and you do not know very well. To use this form, you will change the vowel at the end of the verb from “a” to “e” in most cases.

Informal                                                             Formal

Cómpra los libros / Buy the books                 Cómpre los libros / Buy the books

Cómpra (Tú) los libros                                   Cómpre (usted) los libros

 

When you use formal commands you imply the word “usted,” which is used in this form to give commands to elderly people, and people much older than you as a sign of respect.

 

 Negative Tú Commands

No compres los libros.                   No compre los libros

No compres los libros.                       No compre los libros

 

Notice how in the singular formal command you will omit the “s” at the end of the word “comprar.”

In the case of regular verbs, you will use the form of third person singular to form a (tú)

command. Regular verbs end in “er,” “ir,” or “ar,” and you will look at the stem or root of the word if you eliminate these endings.

 

Verb

Informal Command              

Formal Command                

Escribir

To write                            

Escribe (Tú) la carta      

Write the letter                               

Escriba (usted)la carta

Write the letter

 

In this case, you are changing the ending “e” from the verb, to an “a” to form the formal command. Remember that the word (Tú) and (usted) are implied and are silent.

 

Tener   -   To have -   Ten (conjugation for informal command in third person)

Venir     -   To come -   Ven ( informal command) Ven conmigo / Come with me

Hacer   -   To do     -     Haz ( informal command) Haz tu cama / Make your bed

Poner   -   To put   -     Pon (informal command) Pon la mesa / Set the table

Salir     -     To go out- Sal (informal command) Sal del cuarto / Go out of the room

 

Tener     to have   - Tenga (formal command) Tenga la propina / Have your tip

Venir   - To come - Vaya (formal command) Vaya usted / You go ahead

Hacer - To do     -   Haga (formal command) Haga un pastel / Make a cake

Poner - To put   -   Ponga (formal command) Ponga la mesa / Set the table

Salir     - To go out   Salga (formal command) Salga de mi casa / Go out of my house

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Writing Exercises

 

Fill in the blank space the proper form of the verbs: Hacer, Tener, Venir, Poner, Salir, according to the chart above. In some spaces, you will also use the words “tú,” and “usted.”

Remember: If you see the verb with an “s” at the end, it means the command will be informal. If you see there is no “s” at the end of the verb, the command will be formal.

 

  1.       ________ la mesa por favor Laura.
  2. Alumno Enrique ________ de la clase y ve a la oficina.
  3. _______ este dinero para comprar comida.
  4. Señora Valverde _______ a la fiesta de Santiago por su cumpleaños.
  5. Rosa _______ una lista de comestibles para comprar en la tienda.
  6. Señora Gutiérrez _________ usted un reclamo en la oficina.
  7. Señor Montenegro _________ este dinero y compre los libros.
  8. La maestra ________ del aula para llevar a los niños al receso
  9. ¿Toma _______ su bebida con sal o con limón?
  10. ¿ Preparas _______ la ensalada con leche o con vegetales?  

Answer Key:

  1. Pon   2. Sal  3. Ten 4. Vaya 5. Haz  6. Haga 7. Tenga 8. Sale 9. Usted 10. Tú

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