Spanish Future Tense

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

The Simple Future (Futuro simple), is used to describe actions that will happen in the future, without indicating a specific point in time.

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Spanish A2

 

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The future tense is formed in two ways: the informal future, which consists of adding “ir + a + infinitive, and the simple future which is formed by a single word. Future plans, arrangements, and intentions are usually expressed either by the present simple or by the present simple of the verb “ir” “a” followed by the infinitive:

 

Mañana tengo una reunión                 I am having a meeting tomorrow.

Ella no viene hoy.                                 She is not coming today.

Voy a comprar una revista.                  I’m going to buy a magazine.

 

In talking about the future in general, including arrangements and intentions, the speaker can use the future tense.

 

Llegarán a las seis.                                 They will arrive at six.

Mañana les llamaremos                           We will call them tomorrow.

 

The Spanish simple future is used to express what shall or will happen, and it is also used to express what someone might or may be doing in the present.

 

Jugarás para el equipo nacional.

You will play for the national team.

 

Él hablará con su jefe esta noche.

He will talk with his boss tonight.

 

To form the simple future, simply add the correct ending to the infinitive of a verb. All verbs ending in (ar-er-ir) have the same endings in the simple future tense.

 

Yo te conoceré en el parque mañana.                 I will meet you at the park tomorrow.

Ella escribirá la carta a Pedro.                             She will write Pedro the letter.

 

General predictions are usually expressed in the future tense:

 

Lloverá en el norte.                                               It will rain in the north

Mis niños tendrán los ojos marrones.                   My children will have brown eyes.

 

Predictions with a high degree of certainty can be expressed by the present simple or by “ir- a.”

 

Mañana llueve aquí.                                               It is going to rain here tomorrow.

Mañana va a llover aquí                                         It’s going to rain here tomorrow.

 

The present simple can only refer to the future if there is a future element in the sentence, whether stated or simply understood.

 

Mañana juego al fútbol.                                         I’m playing football tomorrow.

Juego al fútbol.                                                       I play football.

 

Promises and future deductions are also expressed by the future tense:

 

A las ocho estarán cenando.                                   They will be having dinner at eight.

Te prometo que lo haré.                                           I promise you (that) I will do it.

 

Present deductions are also expressed by the future tense. Strong determination is expressed by the future tense, although in negative sentences the verb “querer” can also be used:

 

Lo haré.                                                                   I will do it.

No quiero ir a esa reunión.                                       I do not want to go to that reunion.

 

Will be + ing, has a literal translation only to refer to actions that will presumably be taking place at a certain time in the future:

 

Para esta hora mañana estaremos visitando Paris. At this time tomorrow, we’ll be visiting Paris.

 

The Spanish future perfect is very similar to its English counterpart, except in those cases in which “for” and “how long” are used:

 

No habrán muerto en vano.                                     They won’t have died in vain.

Lo habrán terminado para entonces.                       They will have finished it by then.

The Future Tense in Spanish

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Fill in the blanks with the correct form of a verb from the list that follows. Use an appropriate future tense (including the present simple and “ir a.”

 

LLegar - Comer - Venir - Viajar - Comprar - Tener - Limpiar - Decir - Ser - Estar

 

  1. Pedro ______________ a Barcelona mañana por la tarde.
  2. Cristina _____________ el almuerzo en el comedor esta noche.
  3. Ellos _______________ a Francia la próxima semana.
  4. Tú _________________ en el vuelo 787 pasado mañana.
  5. Tú_________________ mi ayudante para limpiar la casa.
  6. Elisa _______________ la ropa en la tienda más grande.
  7. Ellos _______________ la oración antes de comer.
  8. Yo _________________ los cuartos con agua y jabón.
  9. Tú _________________ más dinero la próxima semana.
  10. Elisa _______________ más grande cuando te vea el próximo año.

 

Answer Key: 1. Llegará 2. Comerá   3. Viajarán   4. Vendrás   5.Serás   6.Comprará   7. Dirán   8. Limpiaré   9. Tendrás   10. Estará

Estaré - I will be                                    

Entrará - She will enter

Comeré - I will eat                                

Ganarás - You will win

Traeré - I will bring                                

Podrás - You will be able

Escribiré - I will write                              

Tomaré - I will drink

Enseñaré - I will teach                            

Viajarán - They will travel

Compraré - I will buy                              

Saludaré - I will greet

Llegarás - You will arrive                        

Dirán - They will say

Tendrás - You will have                          

Pondrán - They will put

Serás - You will be                                

Vendrá - She will come

Limpiará - He will clean                          

Hará - He will do

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