Spanish Double Pronoun Order

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

A Spanish sentence can have both a direct object and an indirect object pronoun. These "double object pronouns" cannot be separated, and the indirect pronoun always precedes the direct pronoun.

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Spanish A2

 

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Double Pronoun Order in Spanish

To use double pronouns you substitute a noun for a pronoun. For example: Michael is giving the paper to Laura. Michael is giving the paper to her.

In Spanish the order in which double pronouns are used is different, but if you remember this formula, it will get easier: First comes IOP (indirect object pronoun), then comes the DOP (direct object pronoun) and lastly the verb. After this comes the rest of the sentence. To review this concept let's simplify: IOP+DOP+verb+ rest of the sentence.

La maestra se la se lo dio a él.     The teacher gave it to him.

You will have to know how to use direct object pronouns and indirect object pronouns, and when you have both of these in one sentence, you will use the formula explained above to form your sentence. IOP – DOP – verb – rest of sentence.

You will need to remember that indirect object pronouns always go before the direct object pronouns when these are used in the same sentence.

Roberta le lee una revista a Margarita.     Roberta reads a magazine to Margarita.

Roberta se la lee.                                      Roberta reads it to her.

It is important to remember that unlike English, in Spanish the double object pronoun will be written before the verb and not after it.

The indirect object pronouns le and les get simplified when used with direct object pronouns. You will write se instead of le/les when it comes after lo, la, los, and las.

Le compré una cobija al perro.   I bought a blanket for the dog

Se la compré.

When writing a sentence that has direct object pronouns and is negative, meaning the words (no, nunca, jamas) will always go before the object pronoun.

No te lo haré. I will not do it to you.

Jamás se lo daré. I will never give it to you.

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Writing Exercises

 

Choose from the selection to fill in the blanks. La, le, las, les, se, and change the long sentence for short one using double object pronouns.

  1. Ernesto le enseñó la tarea a ella.

           Ernesto ______________.

  1. Maria le lee una historia a ella.

           Maria _________.

  1. Gustavo le compró un sombrero a ella.

         Gustavo _______________.

  1. Le voy a guardar la comida a ella.

           ______ la voy a guardar.

  1. No te pagaré el ticket!

           No _________

  1. Elena le arregló un vestido para su prima.

          Elena _________.

  1. Enrique les lleva a los chicos unos tacos.

           Enrique ________ lleva.

  1. La maestra les lee una carta a las alumnas.

           La maestra ______ lee.

  1. No les quiero dar mis cosas!

           No ______ quiero dar.

  1. Hugo les cocina un pollo a sus hijos.

             Hugo ______ cocina.

 

Answer Key:

  1. Ernesto se las enseñó; 2. se la lee. 3. se la compró 4.Se se lo pagaré; 6.Se los arregló 7.Se los 8. Se las 9.se las 10. Se los

Vocabulary

Las tiendas – the stores

Los vecinos – the neighbor

Vendértelo- I will sale it to you

Le traje un juguete – I brought him a toy.

Se lo traje – I brought it to him.

Viajar – To travel

Caminar – to walk

Correr – to run

La ventana – The window

Le abrí la ventana – I opened the window for him.

Se la abrí. - I opened it to her.

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