Spanish Direct Object Pronouns

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

Just like subject pronouns replace the subject noun in a sentence, direct object pronouns replace the direct object noun in a sentence, which can be a person, thing, noun phrase, or nominalized clause.

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Spanish A2

 

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Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish

The direct object pronoun stands for the noun, and agrees with it in number and gender. There are some rules when we use direct object pronouns.

In order to use direct pronouns, we will first define what they are and how they are used.

Lo (masculine) “lo” is always used when referring to something that is masculine.

La (feminine) “la” “La” is used when talking about something or someone who is female.

Los (It) The

Las (feminine)Them

Lo, la los, or las (the direct object pronouns) are placed before the verb we are referring to. When we are trying to make a negative command the “No,” goes before lo, la, los or las.

 

Things

 

The noun as object of the verb

The pronoun used in place of the noun

¿Tiene Ana el libro?                               

Does Ana have the book?                        

Ana lo tiene

Ana has it

¿Tiene Anita la tiza?                               

Does Anita have the chalk?                      

Anita no la tiene

Anita does not have it

¿Aprende Luis las lecciones?             Does Luis learn the lesson?                      

Si, Luis aprende las lecciones

Yes, Luis learns the lesson

 

Direct pronouns representing persons are expressed by using: me, te, lo, la, and in the plural form: nos, os, los, las. To emphasized who the statement is directed to, we use:

a mi, a ti, a él, a ella, a usted, a nosotros, a vosotros, a ellos, a ellas, a uds; however, it is not used under ordinary circumstances.

  

Persons

Using the verb Ver (to see) we will conjugate appropriately


       Singular                                         Plural

Carlos me ve

Carlos Te ve

Carlos La   ve

a mi

a ti

a ella

Jesús nos ve

           las ve

           os ve  

  a nosotros

   a ellas

   a vosotros

 

 

Carlos Lo ve

Carlos Lo ve

 

a él

a ud.

      

           los ve

           os ve

              

 

a ustedes

   a vosotros

 

 

Direct object pronouns are added at the end of the word for affirmative commands:

Tráigalo usted ahora!   Bring it right now!

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Writing Exercises

You have a new camioneta (van) Answer the questions affirmatively using the correct object pronoun. Los, las, te, le, nos, os..

¿Quieres llevarme?             Si, te llevo

Do you want to take me      Yes, I’ll take you

 

  1. Lucas y Pedro: ¿Quieres llevarnos? _________________________.
  2. Betty, ¿Deseas llevarlas a Ana y a Sara?______________________
  3. Doctor: ¿Puede llevarme? _________________________________
  4. ¿Me llevas? _________________________
  5. Mamá, ¿deseas llevar a tu hermana? _________________________

 

Give the appropriate affirmative command. Make all the necessary changes.



  1. ¡No lo visite usted! _______________________________________
  2. ¡No nos miren ustedes! ____________________________________
  3. ¡No compres los boletos! ____________________________________
  4. ¡No uses la olla de cocina! ___________________________________
  5. ¡No me visites hoy!_________________________________________



Answer Key: 1. Si, los llevo; 2. Si, las llevo; 3. Si, lo llevo; 4. Si, te llevo; 5. Si, la llevo  6. Visitalo   7. Míranos   8.Compralos   9.Usala   10. Visitame

Vocabulary

 

La enfermera - the nurse                                          

Me gusta - I like

El colegio - The school                                              

Te quiero - I love you

La alacena - The cupboard                                        

Le compro - I buy from him

Los alumnos - The students                                        

Lo busco - I look for it

Las clases - The classes                                            

Nos vende - They sale it to us

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