Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

Demonstratives are quite often accompanied by pointing and gestures. Demonstratives fall into two categories: demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative pronouns. 

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Spanish A2

 

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Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns in Spanish

Demonstrative adjectives are there to show you the space between you and an object, and identify the noun. Demonstrative adjectives are placed before the noun; while demonstrative pronouns replace the noun. The English translation is: This, These, That, Those.

The difference between demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative pronouns, is that demonstrative adjectives specify information, while demonstrative pronouns are used in a context where the speaker already knows what they are talking about. There is no need to repeat the information.

Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns must match in gender and number, and are used quite often in regular conversation. You will need to know them to show the location of something you are talking about.

The following chart will show you what pronoun you will use depending on how far from you the object is located.

 

 

Short distance                    

Medium distance                  

Far distance

Masc-Sing.

Este- This one          

Ese -That one              

aquel- That one over there

Masc Plur.  

Estos-These              

Esos- Those                  

aquellos- Those over there

Fem Sing.

Esta- This one                       

Esa-That one              

aquella- That one over there

Fem Plur.  

Estas These

Esas- Those                

aquellas- Those over there

 

Me gustan estos zapatos que traigo - I love these shoes I am wearing.

Voy a comprar esos zapatos que están allá I am going to buy those shoes over there.

Las pinturas en aquel estante son muy bellas. The paintings on those shelves are very pretty.

Este and Esos are demonstrative pronouns and look similar to demonstrative adjectives, but demonstrative pronouns replace the noun in the sentence. Demonstrative pronouns were always written with an accent éstos,éstas, ésos,ésas, and you may see them written that way, however it is not required anymore.

 

Mi carro es más bonito que éste. My car is prettier than this one.

Yo quiero comprar ese carro. I want to buy that car.

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Writing Exercises

 

Translate the sentences using the correct demonstrative pronoun in the space provided. Esta- Este Estos -Estas Esa -Eso- Esas- Esos- Aquel- Aquella- Aquellos- Aquellas.

 

  1. Helen bought this bag on sale. ___________________________________

  2. Mario is building a house in that neighborhood. ____________________________________

  3. Please bring me those shoes on the shelf. ____________________________________

  4. My son traveled to those countries last summer. ______________________________________

  5. Rita went shopping at that mall over there. _____________________________________

 

Underline the right word in parenthesis for each sentence.,

 

  1. Julio va a asistir a (esta/estos) escuela el próximo año.

  2. Mi mamá viene a (esos/esa) tienda todos los días.

  3. A Pedro le gusta estudiar en (aquel/aquella) salón allá.

  4. Ernesto compró (esa/esta) camisa que tengo en mi mano.

  5. El edificio que (está/esto) allá fue construido por Luis.

 

Answer Key: 1. Elena compró esta bolsa en oferta. 2.Mario está construyendo una casa en ese vecindario. 3.Por favor tráeme esos zapatos en la repisa. 4. Mi hijo viajó a aquellos países el verano pasado. 5.Rita fue a aquel centro comercial.

  1. Esta   2 .Esa   3. Aquel   4 .Esta   5 Está

Este carro - This car                                                  

Esta comida - This food

Esta casa - This house                                              

Estas patatas - These potatoes

Ese silla -   That chair                                              

Aquel avión - That airplane

Esa mesa -   That table                                            

Esa bebida - That drink

Aquella repisa - That shelf                                        

Estos libros - These books

Aquellos boletos - Those tickets                                

Estos edificios - These buildings

Ese exámen - That test                                              

Esa naranja - That orange

Esta rosa - This rose                                                  

Esa tienda   - That store

Esos guantes - Those gloves                                    

Esas niñas - Those girls

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