Spanish Conditional Tense

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

The conditional is a structure that we use to express possibility or probability, wishes, excuses, and even suggestions or requests. It can also be used to talk about things we would do, if a certain action happens (ie. hypothetical situations).

language250Asset 173@250x-8

Back to the Course

Hi, you can review other topics from this course level.

Spanish A2

 

Visit the Shop

Visit the Shop

Start classes with one of our professional teachers today.

Visit the Shop

Conditional Tense in Spanish

There are three main types of the conditional, with a number of variations within each type. In English, type 1 has a present simple in the “if” clause, and a future simple in the main clause. In Spanish, type 1 has an indicative present simple in the “si” clause and a future or present simple (indicative mood) in the main clause:

 

Si vienes pronto, iremos a la playa.                   If you come soon, we'll go to the beach.

Si llueve pronto, nos quedaremos aquí.               If it rains, we will stay here.

 

The present simple in the main clause is common when the speaker has a high degree of certainty or when the main clause is a decision. Type 2 in English has a past simple in the “if” clause and a conditional tense in the main clause. In Spanish, type 2 has a subjunctive imperfecto in the “si” clause and a conditional tense in the main clause.

 

Si vinieras pronto, iríamos a la playa.                 If you came soon, we would go to the beach.  

 

Type 3 in English has a past perfect in the “if” clause and a conditional perfect in the main clause. In Spanish, type 3 has a subjunctive pluscuamperfecto in the “si” clause and a conditional perfect in the main clause:

 

Si hubieras estudiado más, habrías aprobado.   If you had studied harder, you would have

                                                                             passed.

 

In addition to “si,” conditional sentences can be structured with “a no ser que” (unless),”a menos que,” “siempre que” (as long as), “con tal (de) que” (provided/providing that), “con la condición de que” (on condition that).

 

Te dejaré conducir, siempre que                           I will let you drive as long as you promise

prometas que vas a ser cuidadoso.                     that you are going to be careful.

 

Llegarás tarde, a no ser que te des prisa.             You’ll be late, unless you hurry up.

 

The expression “in case,” as in “I’ll take an umbrella with me in case it rains, must be translated by “por si.”

 

Lo ordenaré todo por si viene mi madre.               I’ll tidy everything up in case my mother

                                                                               comes.

 

“In case of,” translates as “en caso de” in warnings:

 

En caso de incendio, romper el cristal.                 In case of fire, break the glass.

 

There are a number of variations that are very similar in both languages:

 

Si le odias, ¿Por qué fuiste con él?                       If you hate him, why did you go with him?

Si has terminado, puedes irte.                               If you have finished, you can go.

Si estás libre, podrías echarme una mano.           If you are free, you could give me a hand.

 

“If ” and “I wish” translate as “ojala,” with a connotation of “hopefully,” This expression can be followed by a subjunctive present simple, a subjunctive imperfecto, and a subjunctive pluscuamperfecto:

 

Ojalá (ella) venga a tiempo                                     If only (let’s hope) she comes in time.

Ojalá (él) nos ayude.                                               If he will help us.

 

“Will” provokes a subjunctive present simple of the following verb, and “would” causes a subjunctive “imperfecto” to be used.

 

After “If,” when requesting something politely, “will” translates as the indicative present of “querer,” whereas “would” translates as the subjunctive imperfecto:

 

Si usted quiere esperar un momento.                     If you will wait a moment.

Si usted quisiera seguirme.                                    If you would follow me.

Don't miss out!

Hi there, you are currently not signed in.

CORE Languages students who are signed in get credit for daily engagement while studying. Additionally, save your quiz and test grades by logging in. Even if you are just a language buff wanting to get a bit more studying in, Sign In and receive weekly content updates, access to Free PDF guides and special pricing on online training from our shop.

Additional Activities

Review the unit lesson above and complete additional activities to build your understanding of this topic. For the activities listed below, make sure you are signed in to keep track of your progress, to receive our weekly topics e-mail and special promotions! We are letting you know, you are not signed in. And progress will not be saved.

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses with the conditional tense.

 

  1. Si Juan no quiere trabajar, (nosotros) __________________ (trabajar) sin él.
  2. Si nieva esta Navidad, (ellos) no ______________________(participar) en el desfile.
  3. Tú le _________________ (dar) tu ropa para ayudarle.
  4. Nosotros te _______________ (seguir) en el carro hasta la casa de Mario.
  5. Yo ___________________(escribir) una carta al juez para explicar lo que sucedió.
  6. Si llegan tarde, nos ___________________ (marchar) sin ellos.
  7. Tu le _________________ (leer) un cuento a la niña si se durmiera.
  8. Yo __________________ (pedir) un préstamo al Banco si pudiera.
  9. El ___________________(estar) muy contento de invitarte a la fiesta.
  10. Tu papá __________________ (jugar) contigo si no tuviera tanto trabajo.

 

Answer Key: 1. Trabajaremos   2.Participarán   3.Darías   4.Seguiremos   5.Escribiría   6.Marcharemos   7. Leerías   8. Pediría   9.Estaría   10.Jugaríía

Trabajarémos - We will work                      

Pagaría - I would pay

Seguiremos - We will follow                        

Participarían - They would participate

Marcharemos - We will march                    

Pediría - I would ask

Haría - I would do                                      

Quedaría - I would stay

Darías - You would give                              

Dormiría - I would sleep

Sería - I would be                                        

Irías - You would go

Tendría - I would have                                

Diría - I would say

Conseguiría - I would find                          

Cocinaría - He would cook

Escribiría - I would write                              

Estaría - She would be

Leerías - You would read                            

Jugaría - I would play

We love new fresh content! Find some of our favorite links on this Unit topic below. If any links are expired, please let us know.

What do you know?

You can complete the following quiz to see if you truly understand this unit's content.

-coming soon-