Spanish Commands with Pronouns

Beginner Spanish - Level A2

Overview

Reflexive, indirect object, and direct object pronouns must be attached to the end of an affirmative command. Remember the acronym RID because, if more than one of these pronouns are used together, they will consistently be used in that order. 

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Spanish A2

 

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Commands with Pronouns in Spanish

Reflexive, direct object and indirect object pronoun, must be attached to an affirmative command. In all cases, with affirmative commands, the object pronouns are attached to the imperative form of the verb. One way to remember the order is with the accronym: RID that stands for Reflexive+ Indirect+Direct object pronoun.

Compre ud. El carro.

Cómprelo ud.

If both direct and indirect object pronouns are attached, for example when you write “lo,” or “la” at the end of a word, the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun. To emphasize a direct command in Spanish, we add “lo”; “la”; or emos; melo; at the end of the word.

Cómpremelo ud. Buy it from me

When you write a command with a two pronoun, an accent is used to emphasize the force of the verb.

Command: haz (one syllable)

hazlo (one pronoun, no accent required)
házmelo (two pronouns, accent is required)

When writing a negative command, the object pronoun goes before the imperative form of the verb.

No venda usted el carro - Do not sale the car.

No lo venda - Do not sale it.

One way to remember how to write commands with pronouns is to follow this rule: if one of the pronouns starts with the letter “l,” you change the “l,” for “se.” This applies when you see the pronouns: lo; los, la, le, les.

le lo = se lo                               Gladys se las regaló a ella. (thrid person)
le los = se los                           Julio te las dió a ti (second person)
le las = se las                           Laura me las compró a mi ( first person)

les la = se                                 Ernesto se los vendió a ellos.
les los = se los
les las = se las Les los = se los

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Writing Exercises

Write the appropriate form of the verb in parenthesis using affirmative commands with pronouns.

  1. (compra) ud. Vestidos para ella.

       ____________________.

  1. (vende) a mi los tamales.

         ____________________.

  1. (cocina) el arroz con pollo para el.

           ____________________.

  1. (traer) las tijeras a mi.

         _____________________.

  1. (llevar) a el los libros.

           ____________________.

      

Using these (se lo, se la, te lo, te la, me lo, me la,) fill in the blank accordingly.

  1. Ernesto ________ vendió a ella.
  2. Pedro _________ Compró a ti.
  3. Anita _________ dió a mi.
  4. Julio __________ mandó e ellos.
  5. Hector ________ limpió a ti.

 

Answer Key: 1. Cómprele el vestido 2. Vendeme los tamales. 3. Cocinale el arroz con pollo. 4. Tráeme las tijeras 5. Llévale los libros

  1. Se la     2. te lo     3. me lo     4. se lo       5. te lo

Vocabulary

La anciana – The old woman

El escritor -   The writer

El incidente – The incident

El sótano - The basement

 

Words related to commands with pronouns

Tráemelos - Bring them to me                

Enséñasela a ella – Show it to her

Póngalo allí - Put it there.                        

Cántamelo - Sing it to me

Lávalo - Wash it                                        

Cuéntamelo - Tell it to me

Cómpralo - Buy it                                      

Léemelo - Read it to me                                

Córtalos cortos – Cut them short              

Guardarlo para ella - Put it away for her    

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