Spanish YO-GO Verbs

Beginner Spanish - Level A1


A small number of verbs have a -go ending in the present tense in their "yo" form. In some cases only the yo form changes, but some are irregular in other forms too.

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Spanish A1


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YO-GO Verbs in Spanish

Verbs with Yo form ending in -go
Some verbs have an irregular -go ending for the yo form in the present tense:
ER hacer   to do, make
  poner   to put, place
(e -> ie)
to have
  valer   to value, be worth
IR decir
e -> i
to say, tell
  salir   to leave, go out
(e -> ie)
to come
There are no AR verbs for this category.
This change only occurs in the yo form for these verbs.
All other forms of these verbs are conjugated normally.
Drop the -er or the -ir: That's the stem !!



Yo form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -go to the stem*.
Yo form
English equivalents
hacer hago * I do, make I do do, make I'm doing, making
poner pongo I put, place I do put, place I'm putting, placing
tener (e-ie) tengo I have I do have I'm having
valer valgo I am worth    
decir (e-i) digo ** I say, tell I do say, tell I'm saying, telling
salir salgo I leave, go out I do leave, go out I'm leaving, going out
venir (e-ie) vengo I come I do come I'm coming
* The verbs hacer and satisfacer lose the C in the formation of the yo form.
** Stems changes are normally ignored for the yo form. The verb decir maintains the e -> i stem-change within the formation of the yo form.
This is important to realize, because the present tense yo form is the basis for forming present subjunctive forms.
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -go ending says I am doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO.
If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
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Write your own sentence using each YOGO verb.

1. hacer - to do, to make
hago - yo form of hacer
Yo siempre hago mi tarea.

2. decir - to say, to tell
digo - yo form of decir
Siempre digo la verdad.

3. poner - to put, to place, to set
pongo - yo form of poner
Yo pongo la mesa cada día.

4. salir
to leave, to exit, to go out
salgo - yo form of salir
Yo salgo a(para) bailar los fines de semana.

5. traer - to bring
traigo - yo form of traer
Yo traigo mi cámara para sacar fotos.

6. venir (i-ie) - to come
vengo - yo form of venir
Yo vengo a la casa de mi amigo a menudo.

7. caer - to fall
caigo - yo form of caer
¿Te caigo bien?

8. tener (i-ie) - to have
tengo - yo form of tener
Tengo un montón de quehaceres.

9. oír - to hear
oigo - yo form of oír
Oigo que hay mucho ruido allí.

10. tener que + inf - to have to...
tener ganas de + inf- to feel like...
tengo - yo form of tener
Tengo ganas de comer / Tengo que estudiar

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