Spanish The Verb Estar

Beginner Spanish - Level A1


Estar is one of two Spanish verbs that mean "to be."* Estar is used to describe the current state of a noun – temporary, changeable attributes; feelings, emotions, location, prices, relationship status, temp jobs, etc.

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Spanish A1


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The Spanish Verb Estar

In Spanish we have two forms of the verb “to be”. We have already learned one of them in our previous lesson about the verb SER. Today, we are going to talk all about the other word for “to be” - ESTAR.

When we use the verb ESTAR and all of its different forms, we are saying:


Estoy– I am

Estamos– We are

Estás– You (informal) are

Estáis– You all are

Está– He/she is, You (formal) are

Están– They are, You all are


**NOTE: Remember to include your accents for the tú, él/ella/usted, vosotros and ellos/ellas/ustedes forms of this verb. The word meaning will change without one!

We use ESTAR in these three scenarios:

  1. To talk about LOCATION of something (ex: I am in my house, My book is on the table)
  2. To talk about the CONDITION or FEELING of something (ex: The soup is hot, My friends are sad)
  3. To use the PRESENT PROGRESSIVE (“ing”) tense (ex: We are reading a book, You are running)
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Let’s practice conjugating ESTAR when used in sentences about location, condition/feeling or the present progressive. In 4-10 you will conjugate ESTAR based on the subjects of the sentences below. 

Be sure to click READ MORE below to see the answer key once you are finished. 

  1. T/F: In Spanish there are three verbs that mean “TO BE”.
  2. T/F: ESTAR is used to describe someone’s appearance.
  3. T/F: Accents are mandatory when using the verb estar in the tú, él/ella/usted, vosotros and ellos/ellas/ustedes forms of the verb.

    Now, choose the appropriate conjugation of the verb ESTAR based on the subject of the sentence:

  4. Yo _________ en el banco.
  5. ¿Ustedes _________ enojados porque los Braves perdieron el juego?
  6. ¿Dónde _________ mis llaves (keys)?
  7. Mi madre _________ en el jardín.
  8. ¿Tú _________ contenta?
  9. Nosotros _________ caminando (walking) en la playa.
  10. Mi jefe (boss) _________ en la oficina.



Answer Key: 1. F, 2. F, 3. T, 4. Estoy, 5. Están, 6. Están, 7. Está, 8. Estás, 9. Estamos, 10. Está

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