The Near Future Tense in Spanish

Beginner Spanish - Level A1

Overview

The near future tense, also known as the immediate future or ‘ir + a + infinitive’, is used to describe actions which are going to happen. It’s used in a very similar way to how we use the construction ‘going to + infinitive’ in English to talk about future actions/plans. 

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Spanish A1

 

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The Future in Spanish

Want to tell people what you’re “going to do” this weekend, “going to eat” this afternoon, “going to watch” on tv tonight? In Spanish, this is what we call the simple future. In order to form this verb tense, we need to get familiar with the verb IR. This verb (like the verb SER we’ve learned - SER Module) is what we call an irregular verb in Spanish in that it does not follow the traditional conjugation rules that we will learn in our upcoming lesson about -AR verbs (-AR Verbs Module). Let’s check out its conjugation below: 

IR = To go

Yo voy = I go

Nosotros(as) vamos = We go

Tú vas = You (informal) go

Vosotros(as) vais = You all go

Él va = He goes

Ella va = She goes

Usted va = You (formal) go

Ellos van = They go

Ellas van = They go

Ustedes van = Y’all go

 

FUN FACT! When using the yo, TÚ, nosotros(as) and vosotros(as) forms, you can eliminate the subject pronoun from the sentence if you want!
For example: (yo) voy a cocinar. 


Now that we know how to use the verb IR, we’re going to add another layer in order to create the simple future tense. This simple future tense has three components:
IR + A + INFINITIVE

Do you recall from our previous SER module that an infinitive is the unchanged form of the verb? That means we do not have to conjugate that verb at all. For example: voy a comer. See how comer has been left alone?

Let’s look at a few examples:

Yo voy a bailar. I am going to dance.

¿Tú vas a salir? Are you going to leave?

Él va a corer. He is going to run.

Nosotros vamos a celebrar. We are going to celebrate.

Vosotros vais a trabajar. You all are going to work.

Ellas van a hablar. They are going to talk. 

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Let’s practice!
Be sure to click READ MORE to see the answer key below! 

Part I
Place these components in order to form the simple future tense: A. Infinitive, B. Form of IR, C. “A”

1. Component _____

2. Component _____

3. Component _____

Part II
4. Mis amigos _________ a viajar a Madrid.

                a. Voy

                b. Vas

                c. Vamos

                d. Van

5. Yo _________ a practicar mi Español.

               a. Voy

                b. Vas

                c. Vamos

                d. Van

6. Nosotros _________ a nadar en la piscina.

               a. Voy

                b. Vas

                c. Vamos

                d. Van

Part III
Fill the blank with the correct term from the word bank below. Each term can only be used once.

Investigar                              Voy                              A                              Vamos

Mis amigos y yo (7.)___________ a experimentar en la clase de ciencias. Ellos no van a (8.)____________ comida porque ellos van (9.)__________ participar en un experimento de animales. Al fin, yo (10.)___________ a presentar el experimento a la clase. 

Answer key: 1. B, 2. C, 3. A, 4. D, 5. A, 6. C, 7. Vamos, 8. Investigar, 9. A, 10. Voy

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