German Present Perfect - Irregular Verbs

    Beginner German - Level A1


    Present perfect of irregular verbs


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    German A1.1

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    German A1

    Present Perfect - Irregular Verbs

    Das Perfekt mit "sein"

    sein +  (usually) ge+(main part of the verb)+en

    Most verbs that express movement from one point to another point, indicate a change of state of being (e.g. wake up, fall asleep, lose consciousness), and “sein” (gewesen) use "sein" as an auxiliary or helping verb in the present perfect.

    Infinitiv   gehen laufen fahren kommen
    Präsens   ich gehe du läufst er fährt wir kommen
    Perfekt   ich bin gegangen du bist gelaufen er ist gefahren wir sind gekommen

    Example: Er ist gestern nach Hamburg gefahren. Ich bin letzte Woche in Berlin gewesen.

    He drove to Hamburg yesterday. I was in Berlin last week.

    (literally: He has driven to Hamburg yesterday. I have been in Berlin last week.)



    Das Perfekt mit "haben" (-en ending)

    haben  +   ge+main part of the verb+en

    Infinitiv lesen schreiben sehen essen
    Präsens ich lese er schreibt ihr seht sie essen
    Perfekt ich habe gelesen er hat geschrieben ihr habt gesehen sie haben gegessen

    Example: Ich habe gestern ein Buch gelesen. Sie haben letzte Woche Eis gegessen.

    I read a book yesterday. You ate ice cream last week.

    (literally: I have read a book yesterday. You have eaten ice cream last week.)



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