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    German Definite Article

    Beginner German - Level A1

    Overview

    Definite articles in the nominative and accusative cases

    Vocabulary

    Food/Gocery, Furniture, Family members

    German A1.1

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    German A1

    Definite Articles

    Articles are a type of determiner, or word or words that precede a noun or noun phrase and serve as a reference point. There are several kinds of determiners, including articles, demonstratives, possessives, and quantifiers.

    The definite article is used to introduce or specify a noun. A noun can be a person, place, thing or object. The definite article (in English: 'the') is used to refer to specific things, as opposed to referring to things as a whole. 
    "The apple is red", for example, refers to one specific apple, which happens to be red, but not all apples. 


    When using definite articles in German, we need to keep in mind that all nouns have assigned genders. Masculine, feminine and neuter. All plural nouns assume the feminine gender, regardless of their gender in the singular. In addition, these change form depending on case (nominative, accusative, dative, genitive). 

    Definite Article Chart

    Examples
    Der Junge ist gross. The boy is tall. 
    "Junge" is a singular, masculine noun in the nominative. 

    Das Auto ist rot. The car is red. 
    "Auto" is a singular, neutral noun in the nominative. 

    Die Kinder spielen. The children play. 
    "Kinder" is a plural, feminine noun in the nominative. ("Kind" in the singular is neutral)



    Articles are sometimes replaced by other determiners, such as the demonstratives “this” and “that” (plural: “these” and “those”). These demonstratives specifically refer to nouns, so they would not take the place of indefinite articles. There are several words that follow the same declension as the definite articles ‘der’, ‘die’, ‘das’ :

    dies- = this
    jen- = that
    jed- = each/every (NOTE: the plural of ‘jed-‘ is ‘alle’ (all), and follows plural declension)
    manch- = many/some
    solch- = such a
    welch- = which

    demonstrative articles chart

    Examples:

    Diese Wohnung ist sehr schön. This apartment is very beautiful. 
    "Wohnung" is a singular, feminine noun in the nominative. 

    Manche Kinder können nicht schwimmen. Some children cannot swim. 
    "Kinder" is a plural, feminine noun in the nominative. 

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