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    German Accusative Case

    Beginner German - Level A1

    Overview

    The accusative case is mainly for direct objects and objects of accusative prepositions. A direct object is the noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb (i.e. they are acted upon).

    Vocabulary

    Food items, family members, housing

    German A1.1

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    German A1

    The Accusative Case

    The accusative case is mainly for direct objects and objects of accusative prepositions. A direct object is the noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb (i.e. they are acted upon).

    Example: 
    Die Frau füttert den Hund. / The woman feeds the dog.

    The direct object can be identified by asking, “Who or what is being ‘verbed’?” For the above example we can ask: Who or what is being fed? The answer is "the dog". Hence, the dog is the direct object of the sentence. It is in the accusative case
    The accusative case only affects masculine nouns: the definite article changes from “der” to “den.” The indefinite article “ein” (masculine) changes to “einen.” Feminine and neutral nouns do not change.

    Accusative Pronouns

    Examples:   
    Ich rieche den KuchenI smell the cake
    ("der Kuchen" is a masculine noun. In the accusative, "der" becomes "den".)

    Ich rieche die BlumeI smell the flower
    ("die Blume" is a feminine noun. In the accusative it does not change.)



    When a person is the direct object of a sentence, or when we use a personal pronoun to refer to a noun (ex.: I smell the cake. -> I smell it.), then we need use the accusative pronouns. 

    Accusative Pronouns

    Examples
    Ich rufe ihn an. I call him. ("er" in the accusative changes to "ihn".)
    Wir lieben es. We love it. ("es" in the accusative remains "es".)
    Du nervst mich. You annoy me. ("ich" in the accusative changes to "mich".)

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