French The Verb "to come"

Beginner French - Level A2

Overview

The French verb venir literally means "to come" and is also used in many idiomatic expressions. It’s an essential verb for beginners to learn and is used in a variety of situations. Its conjugation is very irregular.

The first and most important use of venir deals with where somebody or something comes from. Elle vient de France. She comes from France.

Venir de + infinitive is also used in the immediate past.  Ils viennent de manger. They just ate.

We will find out later how versatile this verb really is.

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French A2

 

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French The Verb "to come"

In this module, we’ll be learning a new, irregular verb - venir. Venir means “to come” and it is classified as a motion verb. We learn the classification with new verbs so that we understand how to conjugate them in the past tense. Venir will use être as the auxiliary verb in the passé composé (which you can review in A2.1 Module 4). Below is the conjugation chart for venir in the present tense along with its past participle and future stem. Beneath that, you will find a variety of example sentences.

 

Subject Pronoun

Venir

Meaning

Je

viens

I am coming

Tu

viens

You are coming

Il/Elle/On

vient

He/She/One is coming

Nous

venons

We are coming

Vous

venez

You are coming

Ils/Elles

viennent

They are coming

 

 

 

Past Participle

venu (e) (s) (es)

came

Future Stem

viendr...

will come

 

Examples:

Je viens avec toi !                                           I am coming with you !

Viens-tu à la foire plus tard ?                         Are you coming to the fair later ?

Qui viendra cet après-midi ?                          Who will come this afternoon ?

Nous venons du Maroc.                                  We come from Morocco.

Vous n’allez pas venir.                                   You are not going to come.

Ils ne sont pas venus hier.                               They didn’t come yesterday.

 

Where are you from?

In the Quizlet set of this module, you will find flashcards that explain a supplemental lesson to learning the verb venir. When you want to express that you are from a particular place in the world or that you are traveling from a certain location, you can use the verb venir.

 

English examples:

 

I am from Brazil.

I come from Pennsylvania.

I am coming from Hong Kong.

I am coming from the United States.

 

To express this in French, you can use the conjugation of venir + the word du, de or des depending on whether or not that city/state/country is singular or plural to literally mean “come from.” Most states and countries that end with the letter -e are feminine. Most states and countries that end with a constant or a different vowel are masculine.

French examples:

 

Je viens du Brésil. (masculine)

Je viens de Pennsylvanie. (feminine)

Je viens des États-Unis. (plural)

Je viens d’Annecy (cities always take de, regardless of gender).

 

 

To learn more…

As the Quizlet flashcards will explain, when you talk about going to or being in a city/state/country, the French sentence depends on whether that place is masculine or feminine. Read through these points to learn more:

  • When you say you’re going to a feminine state/country, you use
    • Je vais en
  • When you say you’re going to a masucline state/country, you use
    • Il va au
  • When you say you’re going to a plural state/country, you use
    • Nous allons aux États-Unis.
  • When you say you’re going to a city, you use à.
    • Elles vont à
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Directions: Conjugate venir appropriately for the following sentences or leave it in the infinitive.

  • _______-tu avec nous au concert ce soir?
  • Pourquoi est-ce qu’elles ne _________ pas ?
  • Je suis certaine que Samuel va _______!

 

Directions: Choose which of the following options is the correct way for someone to express where they’re from or where they’re going given the rules on masculine and feminine countries in this module.

  • I am going to Japan.
    1. Je vais en Japon.
    2. Je viens du Japon.
    3. Je vais au Japon.
    4. Je viens de Japon.
  • We are from Senegal.
    1. Nous allons au Séné
    2. Nous venons du Séné
    3. Nous venons des Séné
    4. Nous allons au Séné
  • You are going to Paris.
    1. Tu vas de Paris.
    2. Tu viens de Paris.
    3. Tu vas au Paris.
    4. Tu vas à

 

Answers and Translation

  • Viens / Are you coming with us to the concert tonight ?
  • viennent / Why is it that they are not coming ?
  • venir / I am certain that Samual is going to come. (the near future tense)
  • C / Japon is a masculine singular country, thus it takes au to say “to Japan”
  • B / Sénégal is a masculine singular country, thus it takes du to say “from Senegal”

D / Paris is a city, thus it takes à to say “to Tokyo”

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