In the last module, we learned how to conjugate the verb faire. This verb, conjugated for the third person singular form, coupled with an impersonal use of the subject pronoun “il” is used as a standard expression to describe the weather. Look at the following weather expressions that are commonly used in French:
Quel temps fait-il ?
What’s the weather ?
Il fait beau → It’s nice out.
Il fait du soleil → It’s sunny out.
Il fait chaud → It’s hot out.
Il fait humide → It’s humid out.
Il fait mauvais → It’s bad out.
Il fait froid → It’s cold out.
Il fait frais → It’s chilly out.
Other expressions that don’t use faire but describe or relate to the weather include:
Il pleut → It’s raining
Il neige → It’s snowing
Il y a / Il n’y a pas … There is / There is not any
de la pluie some/any rain
de la neige some/any snow
de la glace some/any ice
du tonnerre some/any thunder
du foudre some/any lightning
du brouillard some/any fog
du vent some/any wind
Note: All of these expressions are given in the present tense. When you learn how to speak in the past and future tenses in later modules, you can adjust these phrases to fit accordingly. Meaning, you will change the conjugation of faire (fait), pleuvoir (pleut), neiger (neige), or avoir (a) to match the time you wish to describe. → “It was bad out. It was raining. There was some thunder.”