French The Verb "to have"

Beginner French - Level A1

Overview

Avoir means 'to have' in French. It is important to know how to use avoir as it is the second most common verb in French. It's useful to be able to talk about what you have or don't have. It is important to know how to use avoir as it is the second most common verb in French. It's useful to be able to talk about what you have or don't have.‎ Avoir is an irregular verb. Regular verbs follow the same pattern, but irregular verbs don’t.

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French The Verb to have

Below is a table that shows how to conjugate the verb to have, or avoir.

J’ai

I have

Tu as

You have (informal, singular)

Il/Elle/On a

He/She/One has

Nous avons

We have

Vous avez

You have (formal and/or plural)

Ils/Elles ont

They have

 

What to know about avoir:

  • Like être, avoir is an irregular verb and is one of the most common verbs used in French.
  • You’ll notice in the first person singular conjugation of avoir that the « e » in the subject pronoun « Je » is missing. Je is connected to the conjugation ai by an apostrophe. This is because two vowels (two vowel sounds) are placed back to back.

What is a liason?

A liaison is the connection of sounds between a word that ends in a consonant and the following word that begins with a vowel. The connecting sound oftentimes, and with these examples specifically, is a “z” sound.

Nous avons - [newz ah-von]

Vous avez - [vooz ah-vay]

Ils/Elles ont - [il/el zon]

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Learn how to conjugate the French verb Avoir in the present tense. This verb is one of the most important, common and powerful verbs in French. Avoir is an auxiliary verb and also it will help you to talk about the past. That is we need this verb conjugation in the present tense, to conjugate in past tense. Avoir is a highly irregular verb which means you have to learn it's conjugation by heart. From this video, You will find some important information about this verb conjugation in present tense like about pronunciation, liaisons etc.
-credit: Learn French with Alexa

Directions: Choose which of the following French sentences is the correct translation of each English sentence that is provided.

  1. I have a dog.
    1. Tu as un chien.
    2. Il a un chien.
    3. Nous avons un chien.
    4. J’ai un chien.
  2. You (informal) have some opinions.
    1. Nous avons des opinions.
    2. J’ai des opinions.
    3. Tu as des opinions.
    4. Vous avez des opinions.
  3. The girls (fem.) have a secret.
    1. Ils ont un secret.
    2. Elles ont un secret.
    3. On a un secret.
    4. Elle a un secret.
  4. My family and I have a house there.
    1. Nous avons une maison là-bas.
    2. J’ai une maison là-bas.
    3. Ils ont une maison là-bas.
    4. Vous avez une maison là-bas.
  5. You and your friends have some good ideas.
    1. Tu as de bonnes idées.
    2. Elles ont de bonnes idées.
    3. On a de bonnes idées.
Vous avez de bonnes idées. 

 

Answers.

  1. D - J’ai un chien. J’ai is the conjugation for “I have.”
  2. C - Tu as des opinions. Tu as is the conjugation for the informal singular version of “You have.”
  3. - Elles ont un secret. First, you have to decide which subject pronoun is best to replace “The girls.” Elles is the correct choice because it is the third person plural and feminine pronoun. Elles ont is the conjugation for “They have.”
  4. A - Nous avons une maison là-bas. First, you have to decide which subject pronoun is best to replace “My family and I.” Nous is the correct choice because it is the first person plural pronoun. Nous avons is the conjugation for “We have.”
  5. D - Vous avez de bonnes idées. First, you have to decide which subject pronoun is best to replace “You and your friends.” Vous is the correct choice because it is the second person plural pronoun. Vous avez is the conjugation for “You have.”

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