French The Verb "to have"

Beginner French - Level A1


Avoir means 'to have' in French. It is important to know how to use avoir as it is the second most common verb in French. It's useful to be able to talk about what you have or don't have. It is important to know how to use avoir as it is the second most common verb in French. It's useful to be able to talk about what you have or don't have.‎ Avoir is an irregular verb. Regular verbs follow the same pattern, but irregular verbs don’t.

language250Asset 173@250x-8

Back to the Course

Hi, you can review other topics from this course level.

French A1


Visit the Shop

Visit the Shop

Start classes with one of our professional teachers today.

Book a Class

French The Verb to have

Below is a table that shows how to conjugate the verb to have, or avoir.


I have

Tu as

You have (informal, singular)

Il/Elle/On a

He/She/One has

Nous avons

We have

Vous avez

You have (formal and/or plural)

Ils/Elles ont

They have


What to know about avoir:

  • Like être, avoir is an irregular verb and is one of the most common verbs used in French.
  • You’ll notice in the first person singular conjugation of avoir that the « e » in the subject pronoun « Je » is missing. Je is connected to the conjugation ai by an apostrophe. This is because two vowels (two vowel sounds) are placed back to back.

What is a liason?

A liaison is the connection of sounds between a word that ends in a consonant and the following word that begins with a vowel. The connecting sound oftentimes, and with these examples specifically, is a “z” sound.

Nous avons - [newz ah-von]

Vous avez - [vooz ah-vay]

Ils/Elles ont - [il/el zon]

Don't miss out!

Hi there, you are currently not signed in.

CORE Languages students who are signed in get credit for daily engagement while studying. Additionally, save your quiz and test grades by logging in. Even if you are just a language buff wanting to get a bit more studying in, Sign In and receive weekly content updates, access to Free PDF guides and special pricing on online training from our shop.

Additional Activities

Review the unit lesson above and complete additional activities to build your understanding of this topic. For the activities listed below, make sure you are signed in to keep track of your progress, to receive our weekly topics e-mail and special promotions! We are letting you know, you are not signed in. And progress will not be saved.


Learn how to conjugate the French verb Avoir in the present tense. This verb is one of the most important, common and powerful verbs in French. Avoir is an auxiliary verb and also it will help you to talk about the past. That is we need this verb conjugation in the present tense, to conjugate in past tense. Avoir is a highly irregular verb which means you have to learn it's conjugation by heart. From this video, You will find some important information about this verb conjugation in present tense like about pronunciation, liaisons etc.
-credit: Learn French with Alexa

Directions: Choose which of the following French sentences is the correct translation of each English sentence that is provided.

  1. I have a dog.
    1. Tu as un chien.
    2. Il a un chien.
    3. Nous avons un chien.
    4. J’ai un chien.
  2. You (informal) have some opinions.
    1. Nous avons des opinions.
    2. J’ai des opinions.
    3. Tu as des opinions.
    4. Vous avez des opinions.
  3. The girls (fem.) have a secret.
    1. Ils ont un secret.
    2. Elles ont un secret.
    3. On a un secret.
    4. Elle a un secret.
  4. My family and I have a house there.
    1. Nous avons une maison là-bas.
    2. J’ai une maison là-bas.
    3. Ils ont une maison là-bas.
    4. Vous avez une maison là-bas.
  5. You and your friends have some good ideas.
    1. Tu as de bonnes idées.
    2. Elles ont de bonnes idées.
    3. On a de bonnes idées.
Vous avez de bonnes idées. 



  1. D - J’ai un chien. J’ai is the conjugation for “I have.”
  2. C - Tu as des opinions. Tu as is the conjugation for the informal singular version of “You have.”
  3. - Elles ont un secret. First, you have to decide which subject pronoun is best to replace “The girls.” Elles is the correct choice because it is the third person plural and feminine pronoun. Elles ont is the conjugation for “They have.”
  4. A - Nous avons une maison là-bas. First, you have to decide which subject pronoun is best to replace “My family and I.” Nous is the correct choice because it is the first person plural pronoun. Nous avons is the conjugation for “We have.”
  5. D - Vous avez de bonnes idées. First, you have to decide which subject pronoun is best to replace “You and your friends.” Vous is the correct choice because it is the second person plural pronoun. Vous avez is the conjugation for “You have.”

We love new fresh content! Find some of our favorite links on this French Unit topic below. If any links are expired, please let us know.

What do you know?

You can complete the following quiz to see if you truly understand this unit's content.

-Coming Soon-