French Possessive Pronouns

Beginner French - Level A1


French possessive pronouns are used in place of nouns to indicate to whom or to what those nouns belong. In French, possessive pronouns vary in form depending on the gender and number of the noun they replace. The gender and number of the possessive pronoun must agree with the gender and number of the noun possessed, not that of the possessor.

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French Possessive Pronouns

A possessive pronoun dictates the possession of a noun without that noun being explicitly expressed in the sentence. In French, possessive pronouns translate to mine, yours, his/hers/its, ours, yours, or theirs. Take a Look at the following examples in English.

Yes, these keys are mine.

Stop looking for your wallet - I have yours!

That coat over there is hers.

Like nearly all other French grammar concepts, there are multiple variations of these possessive pronouns based on the gender and number of what is being possessed. In the sentences above, the spelling/form of mine, yours, and hers would depend on the items keys, wallet, and coat respectively. The following table lays out the possible forms of possessive pronouns.


Masculine Singular

Feminine Singular

Masculine Plural

Feminine Plural


le mien

la mienne

les miens

les miennes

yours (tu)

le tien

la tienne

les tiens

les tiennes


le sien

la sienne

les siens

les siennes


le nôtre

la nôtre

les nôtres

les nôtres

yours (vous)

le vôtre

la vôtre

les vôtres

les vôtres


le leur

la leur

les leurs

les leurs



Mon frère a mon portable (m), donc je crie, “ce n’est pas le tien !” 

My brother has my phone, so I shout, “That is not yours !”

In this example, yours refers to “phone.” Phone, or mon portable is a masculine singular noun, making le tien (ou le votre depending on who is getting talked to in the sentence) is a correct answer.

Le jardin (m) que vous voyez devant la maison est le nôtre.

The garden that you see in front of the house is ours.

In this example, ours refers to “garden.” Garden, or le jardin is a masculine singular noun, making le nôtre a correct possessive adjective that could be used in the sentence.        

Ne touchez pas les valises, elles sont les leurs.

Don’t touch the suitcases, they are theirs.

In this example, theirs  refers to “suitcases.” Suitcases, or les valises  is a feminine plural noun, making les leurs  a correct possessive adjective that could be used in the sentence.

Notice how the definite article (le. la, les) of each change depending on the gender of the noun being replaced. Also notice how the possessive adjective for “ours,” “yours,” and “theirs'' does not change between the mascuine and feminine singular forms like the others - only the definite article changes.

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French Lesson 108 - Possessive pronouns - Mine Yours...Les pronoms possessifs Le mien tien sien...

Directions: Choose the correct possessive adjective for each sentence. Use the clue in the parenthesis and the genders provided to help. Also, use this exercise to review demonstrative adjectives from Module 13.

  1. Ces chaussures (f, pl)sont trop petites. Ce sont_________ ? (yours, informal)
  2. Je suis propriétaire de la terre. Ce champ (m) est __________. (mine)
  3. Vous avez vos lunettes (f. pl) ? Nous avons _________. (ours)
  4. Cette sculpture (m. pl) de la nature est_________. (theirs)
  5. Elle a écrit (wrote) ce poème - il est __________. (hers)

Answers and Translation:

  1. les tiennes / These shoes are too small. Are these yours ?
  2. le mien / I am the owner of some land. This field is mine.
  3. les nôtres /Do you have your glasses ? We have ours.
  4. la leur / These nature paintings are theirs.
  5. le sien / She wrote a poem - it is hers.

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