French -IR verbs (present tense)

Beginner French - Level A1


Verbs with infinitives ending in -ir form a second group of regular verbs in French, often called 'second conjugation' verbs. To conjugate these verbs, drop the -ir from the infinitive and add the second conjugation present tense endings: -is, -is, -it, -issons, -issez, -issent.

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French -IR verbs (present tense)

In Module 12 of A1.1, we learned how to conjugate regular -ER verbs. Remember that a regular verb follows a specific pattern for its conjugation. Irregular verb conjugations are unique.

Another group of regular verbs that we are going to study are -IR verbs, or verbs that end with the letters -ir. To review, the first two steps of conjugating any regular verb are:

  1. First choose the verb that makes the most sense for the context of your sentence.
  2. Take off the ending.

In this lesson, the ending we are removing from the infinitive is -ir. Finally,

  1. Add the ending to the verb’s stem that corresponds with the subject of the sentence or phrase.

Take a look at the following verb chart and example sentences with the -IR verb choisir, meaning “to choose.”

Choisir → Chois...

Subject Pronoun


Stem + Ending






Je choisis le café.

I choose the café.

I am choosing the café.




Tu choisis le musée.

You choose the museum.

You are choosing the museum.




Elle choisit le parc.

She chooses the park.

She is choosing the park.




Nous choisissons l’église.

We choose the church.

We are choosing the church.




Vous choisissez la librairie.

You choose the bookstore.

You are choosing the bookstore.




Ils choisissent le centre commercial.

They choose the mall.

They are choosing the mall.


See the Reading link in this lesson to review a list of some of the most common -IR verbs.

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GROUP 2 regular French Verbs ending in "IR" in the PRESENT TENSE

Directions: Using the list of -IR verbs found in this Module (Reading link), choose which of the two verbs provided makes the most sense in each sentence. These verbs are already conjugated correctly.

  1. Caroline __________ le mot de vocabulaire devant la classe. (finit / abolit )
  2. Nous __________ toujours nos parents à la maison. (remplissons / obéissons )
  3. Alexandre et Léa (Ils) _________ une routine pour les matins. tablissent / nourrissent)

Directions: Conjugate the given verb for each sentence. Remember to identify the subject/subject pronoun for each sentence.


  1. Je ______ quand Matthew me parle au quartier! (rougir)
  2. Vous et vos amis___________ souvent au passé. (réfléchir)
  3. Charlotte _________ rapidement le travail au bureau. (finir)

Answers and Translation

  1. définit /  Caroline defines a vocabulary word in front of the class.
  2. obéissons / We always obey our parents at the house.
  3. établissent / Alexandre and Léa (They) establish a routine for the mornings.
  4. rougis / I blush when Matthew talks to me in the neighborhood.
  5. réfléchissez / You and your friends often reflect on the past.
  6. finit / Charlotte quickly finishes work in the office. 

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