French -ER verbs (present tense)

Beginner French - Level A1


One thing English speakers who are learning French struggle with is learning how to conjugate all the different verbs. Most French verbs typically end in -er, -re, or -ir. The biggest group is verbs that end in -er. Verbs that fall into this group that follow the same conjugation pattern are called regular -er verbs. If an infinitive in French ends in -er, it means the verb belongs to the first conjugation, for example, donner, aimer, parler. To know which form of the verb to use in French, you need to work out what the stem of the verb is and then add the correct ending. The stem of-er verbs in the present tense is formed by taking the infinitive and chopping off -er.

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French -ER verbs (present tense)

The verb of a sentence indicates some sort of action taking place. In French, some of the most common verbs end with the letters -er.

There are two ways to translate a singular present-tense French verb into English. Look at the examples below using the French verbs,  parler (to talk) and regarder (to watch).

        French                                                    English

Il parle à un ami.                                 He talks to a friend.

                                                            He is talking to a friend.

 Je regarde un film.                             He watches a movie.

                                                            He is watching a movie.

Notice how in French, the words “is talking” and “is watching” are not directly translated from English. Instead, the verbs parle and regarde translate automatically as such.

How to Conjugate an -ER Verb

Step 1: Choose the appropriate verb for the sentence. The verb with the -er still attached is called the infinitive.

Step 2: Remove the -er from the infinitive. Now you have the stem of the verb.

Step 3: Add the -er verb ending that corresponds with the subject of your sentence. These are listed below.


Add to stem














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In this video you will get to know who to conjugate Regular ER Verbs in Present Tense in French. To conjugate Regular ER verbs in french, you have to remove ER from the infinitive to find the stem and add the endings given e, es, e, ons, ez, ent.
-credit: CCubeAcademy

Directions: Conjugate the given -er verb for each sentence. Remember to identify the subject of each sentence to determine the appropriate ending to add the verb’s stem.

  1. Mon ami (Il) ______________la musique française. (adorer)
  2. Ma mère et moi, nous ______________ la clé de la porte. (chercher)
  3. Tu _____________ combien d’heures par semaine ? (étudier)
  4. Les femmes _____________ dans la piscine. (nager)
  5. Vous ___________ souvent les instructions pour les exercices. (oublier)

Answers and Translation

  1. Mon ami (Il) adore la musique française. / My friend loves French music.
  2. Ma mère et moi, nous cherchons la clé de la porte. / My mother and I, we look for the key to the door.
  3. Tu étudies combien d’heures par semaine ? / You study for how many hours each week?
  4. Les femmes nagent dans la piscine. / The women swim in the pool.
  5. Vous oubliez souvent les instructions pour les exercices. / You often forget the directions for the exercises.

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