English First Conditionals

    Beginner+ English - Level A2


    This unit covers first conditionals in English, which are statements about future that are likely to happen.


    English-First Conditional

    The Convention Center and Riverwalk at night in Tampa, Florida.

    Back to the Course

    English A2

    The First Conditional

    The first conditional is used to express things that are possible and likely to happen in the future. It consists of two components: an "if" clause in the present simple tense, and a future simple main clause. As a reminder, the future simple contains the auxiliary verb "will" followed by an infinitive.

    If it hails, I will seek shelter.
    They will call if they get lost.
    He will eat a snack, if he gets hungry.
    If the weather is good, we will go to the beach.

    There are contractions used with the verb "will," so here's a refresher to help you recognize those forms:

    Personal pronoun + ' + ll
    - I'll, you'll, he'll, she'll, it'll, we'll, they'll

    Personal pronoun + will + not (negative form) + infinitive
    - I won't go, you won't go, she won't go, we won't go, they won't go
    The first conditional differs from the zero conditional in that it is about a specific situation, whereas the zero conditional is about more general things (facts, truths, etc.).

    If you exercise daily, you feel better. (general statement)
    If you exercise today, you will feel better. (specific time ["today"])

    As can be seen, it is generally accepted that daily exercise can improve your health, but exercising specifically today is likely to happen and make that person feel better.

    Additional Activities

    Review the lesson above and complete additional activities to build your understanding of this topic. For the activities listed below, log in for additional access. It's free.

    Online Language Classes with an Instructor

    Online Language Training

    Start improving your learning experience by working with one of our incredible language instructors. Visit the shop today.

    officebusinessAsset 97@250x-8Business Language Training

    Start learning a foreign language at work with your team. Discover how CORE Languages can support an array of language services for your business.

    CORE Compass BlogDiscover the Compass Blog

    From PR to news updates to teaching tips and learning topics, let the Compass Blog be your guide to language services you need.