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German Articles and Cases: The Only Chart You'll Ever Need

German Articles and Cases in German can drive the most studious learner of the language crazy. Have no fear, we've broken it down into a color-coded chart for you.
German-Grammar

Here are the rules:

  • If there is no adjective, the definite and indefinite articles remain the same.
  • Rules for adding (s/es) to the end of a masculine or neuter noun in the genitive case:
    • -es should be added:
      • With nouns ending in -s, -ss/ß, -x, or -z
      • With nouns ending in -sch, -st, or -zt
      • With nouns ending in -nis: ending becomes -nisses
    • -s should be added:
      • With nouns ending in a vowel
      • With nouns ending in a vowel + -h
      • With proper names
      • With foreign names that don’t end in -s, -x, or -z
      • With nouns of more than one syllable where the stress is not on the final syllable

And now, for the Articles and Cases charts...

Definite articles and cases + adjective

m. n. f. pl.
Nom. der + -e das + -e die + -e die + -en
Acc. den + -en das + -e die + -e die + -en
Dat. dem + -en dem + -en der + -en den + -en (n)
Gen. des + -en (s/es) des + -en (s/es) der + -en der + -en

Indefinite articles and cases + adjective

m. n. f. pl.
Nom. ein + -er ein + -es eine + -e keine + -en
Acc. einen + -en ein + -es eine + -e keine + -en
Dat. einem + -en einem + -en einer + -en keinen + -en (n)
Gen. eines + -en (s/es) eines + -en (s/es) einer + -en keiner + -en

Just adjectives and cases

m. n. f. pl.
Nom. -er -es -e -e
Acc. -en -es -e -e
Dat. -em -em -er -en (n)
Gen. -es (s/es) -es (s/es) -er -er

 

You can download a PDF of this chart here.

A quick bonus review...

  • Nominative case: the subject of the sentence; it is the noun according to which the verb is conjugated
  • Accusative case: the direct object, or a noun which follows an accusative preposition (durch, für, gegen, ohne, um)
  • Dative case: the indirect object, or a noun which follows a dative preposition (aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu)
  • Genitive case: indicates possession

 

Oct 5, 2020, 14:15 PM by CORE Team
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